This explainer sets out what are the different types of ministers, how they are appointed and what they do.
This guest paper by the University of Southampton reveals patterns in ministerial leadership styles.
Our report examines what makes a minister effective in being able to define and take forward his or her policy objectives.
Strengthening private office
Strengthening civil service support for ministers is essential to reset the strained relationship between Whitehall and government – and this should begin with reform of ministers' private offices.Download
Sir Brandon Lewis discusses the benefit of local government experience, the challenges of the Home Office and his time as Northern Ireland secretary.
Chloe Smith talks about serving as constitution minister under three different PMs, her time in the Truss government, and ministerial maternity cover.
Robert Buckland discusses Brexit’s impact on the law officer role, the end of the Truss government, and managing the courts system in Covid.
Lord Bethell discusses being in DHSC during Covid, the importance of experts in government and 'hating' leaving office
Matt Warman discusses being an expert minister, how to navigate ‘caretaker’ government and receiving an apology for being sacked by Boris Johnson.
Getting things done in government
Twelve key lessons from former ministers on how to be effective in government.Read the report
The cabinet is the senior decision-making body in government.
Cabinet committees are groups of ministers that can “take collective decisions that are binding across government.
The cabinet manual is a document which sets out rules and procedures for the operation of government.
Collective responsibility is the convention whereby individual members of the government are accountable for the actions and decisions of government.
Conservative MPs who want to become Prime Minister must face the practical challenges of being head of government.
Every government minister has a private office. This is a small team of civil servants dedicated to supporting ministerial duties and decisions.
Special advisers (SpAds) are political appointees hired to support ministers.
IfG Academy Researcher and Recruitment Manager