Working to make government more effective

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Ministerial appointments, resignations, reshuffles

Ministers enter government, move roles and leave fairly frequently, for various reasons including political disagreement, scandal and reshuffles.

Prime ministers choose their ministers based on many factors, including personal relationships, political loyalties and expertise in a topic. They can also dismiss ministers whenever they want (although sackings are rare). Ministers sometimes leave of their own accord, or are moved in reshuffles. High ministerial turnover can make getting things done in government more difficult, as ministers have to get up to speed with a new brief and build new relationships. 

We track appointments, resignations and reshuffles, looking at how often ministers change jobs and the experience they bring to their new roles.

The risk of high ministerial turnover

The speed of ministerial changes and the damage this has caused in areas such as housing and further education.

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Preparing a shadow ministerial team for office: Lessons from 1997 and 2010

What the last two changes of government tell us about effective transitions.

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