Special advisers (SpAds) are political appointees hired to support ministers.
The special advisers’ code of conduct sets out the rules and standards of conduct that special advisers to UK government ministers must abide by.
Special advisers and the Johnson government
How Boris Johnson's changes to the role of special advisers disempowered ministers and undermined the quality of decision making in government.Read the report
An expert panel featuring Sonia Khan and Baroness Sally Morgan considered what skills are needed to be an effective special adviser.
Dominic Cummings’s departure from Downing Street gives the government an opportunity to reassess how it uses special advisers.
Special advisers play an essential role throughout government. But is their role about to change?
Baroness Simone Finn, John McTernan and Salma Shah joined us to discuss the role of special advisers and how it is changing.