Parliamentary procedure has been shaped over many centuries by a complex mix of formal rules (outlined in statutes and the Standing Orders), and informal practices (such as conventions).

This page draws together various Institute for Government explainers to describe how Parliament works. It is designed to be used alongside our comment pages and reports to make sense of parliamentary activity.

A more comprehensive overview of parliamentary activity and analysis of how effectively Parliament is fulfilling its functions can be found in our Parliamentary Monitor.

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