Raphael joined the Institute in November 2016, working on infrastructure policy and Brexit. Alongside this, he works as a leader writer at The Times, where he writes on a range of domestic policy issues along with national and international politics. He is an occasional comment writer for The Spectator and book reviewer for The Times Literary Supplement. Prior to starting work at The Times and the Institute, Raphael interned at Demos, researching online campaigning and electoral regulation in the 2015 general election. He holds a first-class degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics from the University of Oxford.