References

Overview

  1. Maddox B, ‘The historic significance of Theresa May’s defeat’, blog, Institute for Government, 15 January 2019, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/historic-significance-theresa-may-defeat; Rutter J, ‘The Prime Minister will find it hard to build a cross-party consensus on Brexit’, blog, Institute for Government, 16 January 2019, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/prime-minister-will-find-it-hard-build-cross-party-consensus-brexit

  2. Durrant T, ‘The UK still isn’t ready for a no deal Brexit’, blog, Institute for Government, 28 September 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/uk-still-isnt-ready-no-deal-brexit

  3. The chief executive of the Infrastructure and Projects Authority, Tony Meggs, in Infrastructure and Projects Authority, Annual Report on Major Projects 2017–18, GOV.UK, 4 July 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/ publications/infrastructure-and-projects-authority-annual-report-2018. Meggs has since been announced as the new chair of Crossrail.

  4. Owen J, Durrant T, Lloyd L and Rutter J, Brexit: Six months to go, Institute for Government, 17 September 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/brexit-six-months-go. See also Owen J, Lloyd L and Rutter J, Preparing Brexit: How ready is Whitehall?, Institute for Government, 10 June 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/preparing-brexit-how-ready-whitehall

  5. Ibid.

  6. Conservative Party, Forward, Together: Our plan for a stronger Britain and a prosperous future: The Conservative and Unionist Party manifesto 2017, 2017, p. 14, https://s3.eu-west-2.amazonaws.com/conservative-party-manifestos/Forward+Together+-+Our+Plan+for+a+Stronger+Britain+and+a+More+Prosperous....pdf

  7. Meakin L, ‘Brexit occupies almost one-third of UK Treasury’s 1,300 staff’, Bloomberg, 24 October 2018, https:// www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-24/brexit-occupies-almost-one-third-of-u-k-treasury-s-1-300-staff; Peston R, ‘Up to 600 civil service staff may be redeployed due to Brexit workload’, ITV News, 20 December 2018, https://www.itv.com/news/2018-12-20/up-to-600-civil-service-staff-may-be-redeployed-due-to-brexit-workload; Coates S, ‘Quit day job and plan for no-deal, thousands of civil servants told’, The Times, 11 January 2019, https://www.thetimes.co.uk/edition/news/quit-day-job-and-plan-for-no-deal-thousands-of-civil-servants-told-dxzl289mz

  8. See also Donaldson D, ‘Brexit triggers unlikely civil service renaissance’, The Mandarin, 15 October 2018, https://www.themandarin.com.au/99943-brexit-triggers-unlikely-civil-service-renaissance

  9. Cabinet Office and Government Digital Service, Government Transformation Strategy, GOV.UK, 2017, retrieved 30 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/government-transformation-strategy-2017-to-2020/government-transformation-strategy

 

1 Ministers

  1. Mortimore R and Blick A, Butler’s British Political Facts, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 100.

  2. McCormack J, ‘DUP abstains on government Finance Bill votes’, BBC News, 20 November 2018, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-46269685

  3. Other ministers announcing they would step down at the imminent reshuffle, notably Jacqui Smith and Hazel Blears from the Cabinet, added to the sense of political crisis.

  4. Hughes N, How to Be an Effective Minister: What ministers do and how to do it well, Institute for Government, March 2017, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/how-be-effective-minister

  5. ‘Prisons’ in Andrews E, Atkins G, Campbell L, Tetlow G and Lilly A, Performance Tracker 2018, Institute for Government, October 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/performance-tracker-2018

  6. See, for example, Timmins N, Universal Credit: From disaster to recovery?, Institute for Government, September 2016 and Norris E, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/universal-credit-disaster-recovery ‘Rudd offers one last chance to turn Universal Credit around’, Institute for Government, 21 November 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/rudd-offers-one-last-chance-turn-universal-credit-around

  7. In this calculation, we include the Prime Minister and the three Government Equalities Office ministerial posts, but exclude Lord Keen’s role as a spokesperson for the Ministry of Justice in the House of Lords and the two ministerial posts at UK Export Finance held by Liam Fox and Baroness Fairhead.

  8. ‘Cabinet committees’, Institute for Government, November 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publication/whitehall-monitor/whitehall-explained/cabinet-committees

  9. Letwin O, ‘Written statement to parliament: Cabinet committees and implementation taskforces membership list’, GOV.UK, 3 June 2015, https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/cabinet-committees-and-implementation-taskforces-membership-list

  10. For more, see Freeguard G, ‘From command to compromise: Theresa May’s use of Cabinet and Cabinet committees’, Civil Service World, 23 July 2018, https://www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/analysis/command- compromise-theresa-may%E2%80%99s-use-cabinet-and-cabinet-committees

  11. Cooper C and Dickson A, ‘Theresa May’s “bunker mentality” Brexit’, Politico, 7 September 2018, https://www.politico.eu/article/theresa-mays-brexit-bunker-mentality-chequers-residence-compare-to-tony-blair/

  12. Owen J, ‘The influential Brexit group the Government doesn’t want you to know about’, Institute for Government, 28 August 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/influential-brexit-group-government-doesnt- want-you-know-about

  13. Lidington D, ‘Cabinet committees and implementation task forces: written statement - HCWS1238’, parliament.uk, 8 January 2019, https://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers- statements/written-statement/Commons/2019-01-08/HCWS1238/

  14. For more on the Race Disparity Audit, follow the links from Freeguard G, ‘Race audit: why data-informed honesty (and transparency) is the best policy’, Institute for Government, 10 October 2017; https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/race-disparity-audit-data-informed-honesty-transparency-best-policy Prime Minister’s Office, ‘Prime Minister announces new drive to end the gender pay gap’, GOV.UK, 28 October 2017, https://www.gov.uk/government/news/prime-minister-announces-new-drive-to-end-the-gender-pay-gap

  15. Cabinet Office, ‘Ministerial salary data’, GOV.UK, 17 July 201, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/ministerial-salary-data

  16. Hughes L, ‘Why does Theresa May have so few women in her Cabinet?’, Financial Times, 22 August 2018, https://www.ft.com/content/893637e8-a473-11e8-8ecf-a7ae1beff35b

  17. Hill H, ‘Whately and Pursglove replace Caulfield and Bradley as vice-chairs of the Party’, ConservativeHome, 28 July 2018, https://www.conservativehome.com/parliament/2018/07/whately-and-pursglove-replace-caulfield-and-bradley-as-vice-chairs-of-the-party.html

 

2 Civil service

  1. Civil service, Civil Service Reform Plan, GOV.UK, 10 June 2012, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/civil-service-reform-plan

  2. Smith B, ‘Defra perm sec: Brexit risk “keeps me awake at night”’, Civil Service World, 19 October 2018, https:// www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/news/defra-perm-sec-brexit-risk-keeps-me-awake-night; Moriarty C, ‘How Defra is adapting to the challenge of Brexit’, Civil Service Quarterly, November 2016, https://quarterly.blog.gov.uk/2016/11/01/how-defra-is-adapting-to-the-challenge-of-brexit/; Eustice G, ‘Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs: departmental responsibilities: written question – 54407’, parliament.uk, 22 November 2016, https://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-11-22/54407/

  3. National Audit Office, Implementing the UK’s Exit from the European Union: The Department for Exiting the European Union and the centre of government, 17 November 2017, p. 11, https://www.nao.org.uk/report/implementing-the-uks-exit-from-the-european-union/

  4. These staff increases do not include those due to machinery-of-government changes, including the 90 civil servants transferred when the Office for Civil Society, which deals with charity policy, moved from the Cabinet Office in early 2017.

  5. Smith B, ‘HMRC would need 5,300 extra staff for no-deal Brexit, tax agency chief says’, Civil Service World, 18 October 2018, https://www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/news/hmrc-would-need-5300-extra-staff-no-deal-brexit-tax-agency-chief-says

  6. Cheung A, ‘Brexit is continuing to ramp up the civil service workforce’, Institute for Government, 22 March 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/brexit-continuing-ramp-civil-service-workforce

  7. Department for Exiting the European Union, ‘Secretary of State Dominic Raab’s speech on no deal planning’, GOV.UK, 23 August 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/news/secretary-of-state-dominic-raabs-speech-on-no-deal-planning

  8. Smith B, ‘Manzoni: civil service “can’t hire people fast enough” in no-deal Brexit preparations’, Civil Service World, 17 December 2018, https://www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/news/manzoni-civil-service-%E2%80%98can%E2%80%99t-hire-people-fast-enough-no-deal-brexit-preparations; Peston R, ‘Up to 600 civil service staff may be redeployed due to Brexit workload’, ITV News, 20 December 2018, https://www.itv.com/news/2018-12-20/up-to-600-civil-service-staff-may-be-redeployed-due-to-brexit-workload/; Coates S, ‘Quit day job and plan for no-deal, thousands of civil servants told’, The Times, 11 January 2019, https://www.thetimes.co.uk/edition/news/quit-day-job-and-plan-for-no-deal-thousands-of-civil-servants-told-dxzl289mz

  9. Meakin L, ‘Brexit occupies almost one-third of UK Treasury’s 1,300 staff’, Bloomberg, 24 October 2018, https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-24/brexit-occupies-almost-one-third-of-u-k-treasury-s-1-300-staff

  10. Smith B, ‘HMRC would need 5,300 extra staff for no-deal Brexit, tax agency chief says’, Civil Service World, 18 October 2018, https://www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/news/hmrc-would-need-5300-extra-staff-no-deal-brexit-tax-agency-chief-says

  11. ‘Prisons’, in Andrews E, Atkins G, Campbell L, Tetlow G and Lilly A, Performance Tracker 2018, Institute for Government, October 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/performance-tracker-2018

  12. They had previously been counted with HM Revenue and Customs.

  13. For more information on the Fast Stream, see Institute for Government, ‘The Civil Service Fast Stream’, April 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/explainers/civil-service-fast-stream

  14. See, for example, Corydon B, Ganesan V and Lundqvist M, Digital by Default: A guide to transforming government, McKinsey Center for Government, November 2018, https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/industries/public%20sector/our%20insights/transforming%20government%20through%20digitization/digital-by-default-a-guide-to-transforming-government-final.ashx

  15. Foster M, ‘HMRC chief Lin Homer looks to “diamond-shaped” future for department’, Civil Service World, 9 September 2015, https://www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/news/hmrc-chief-lin-homer-looks-diamond-shaped-future-department

  16. Comptroller and Auditor General, Central Government Staff Costs, session 2015–16, HC 79, National Audit Office, 2015, https://www.nao.org.uk/report/central-government-staff-costs/

  17. For further information, see Institute for Government, ‘Location of the civil service’, August 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/explainers/location-of-civil-service

  18. The Conservative Party, Forward Together: The Conservative Manifesto, May 2017, https://www.conservatives.com/manifesto; Cabinet Office, Government Estate Strategy 2018, GOV.UK, 12 July 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/government-estate-strategy-2018

  19. Institute for Government, ‘Percentage of civil service by department and region (headcount)’, August 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/charts/percentage-civil-service-department-and-region- headcount

  20. Civil service, A Brilliant Civil Service: Becoming the UK’s most inclusive employer, GOV.UK, October 2017, https:// www.gov.uk/government/publications/a-brilliant-civil-service-becoming-the-uks-most-inclusive-employer

  21. Ibid.

  22. Civil service, ‘Civil Service Diversity and Inclusion Dashboard’, GOV.UK, November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/ government/publications/civil-service-diversity-inclusion-dashboard/civil-service-diversity-and-inclusion- dashboard

  23. Freeguard G, Gaps in Government Data: Five things the UK Government should publish, Institute for Government, 21 September 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/gaps-government-data

  24. Dunton J, ‘Foundation created in memory of Jeremy Heywood’, Civil Service World, 29 November 2018, https:// www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/news/foundation-created-memory-jeremy-heywood; Heywood J, ‘Making the “diversity mix” work’, Civil Service blog, 2 November 2018, https://civilservice.blog.gov.uk/2017/11/02/ making-the-diversity-mix-work/

  25. Operational delivery profession, ‘Operational delivery profession’, GOV.UK, https://www.gov.uk/government/ organisations/civil-service-operational-delivery-profession

  26. Much of this is due to DWP not supplying any of this data to the Office for National Statistics as part of the Annual Civil Service Employment Survey. Even in 2017, when there was data for DWP, we still did not know the profession of one in 10 civil servants.

  27. Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs Committee, ‘Written evidence from the Cabinet Office (SLC 03): Strategic Leadership in the Civil Service: Building Future Capacity Inquiry’, parliament.uk, October 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/public-administration- and-constitutional-affairs-committee/strategic-leadership-in-the-civil-service/written/90044.html

  28. McCrae J and Gold J, Professionalising Whitehall, Institute for Government, 7 September 2017, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/professionalising-whitehall-september-2017

  29. Ibid.

  30. Institute for Government research; Thornton D, Professionalising Whitehall: Responsibilities of the Head of Function for Digital, Data and Technology, Institute for Government, 22 August 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment. org.uk/publications/professionalising-whitehall-responsibilities-head-function-digital-data-and-technology

  31. McCrae J and Gold J, op. cit.

  32. Sasse T and Norris E, Moving On: The costs of high turnover in the civil service, Institute for Government, January 2019, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/moving-on-staff-turnover-civil-service

  33. Ibid.

  34. Timmins N, Universal Credit: From disaster to recovery?, Institute for Government, 6 September 2016, p. 34, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/universal-credit-disaster-recovery

  35. Sasse T and Norris E, op. cit.

  36. Andrews E, ‘Civil service staff numbers Q2 2015: down, but not as much as expected’, Institute for Government, 17 September 2015, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/civil-service-staff-numbers-q2-2015- down-not-much-expected

  37. Sasse T and Norris E, op. cit.

  38. Institute for Government, ‘Civil service pay’, August 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/ explainers/civil-service-pay

  39. Davies P, ‘Civil Service Pension Scheme explained’, Which?, October 2018, https://www.which.co.uk/money/ pensions-and-retirement/company-pensions/public-sector-pensions-explained/civil-service-pension-scheme- explained-ahkbz9d6t82f

  40. Rutter T, ‘Union fumes as Cabinet Office confirms civil service pay funding “unchanged from 2015 spending review”’, Civil Service World, 8 June 2018, https://www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/news/union-fumes- cabinet-office-confirms-civil-service-pay-funding-%E2%80%98unchanged-2015-spending

  41. Johnstone R, ‘New PCS strike ballot planned after Home Office imposes 1.5% pay deal’, Civil Service World, 12 October 2018, https://www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/news/new-pcs-strike-ballot-planned-after- home-office-imposes-15-pay-deal

 

3 Finances

  1. For example: Parker G, Giles C, Jackson G, ‘Hammond delivers largest giveaway Budget since 2010’, Financial Times, 29 October 2018, https://www.ft.com/content/23374650-db8a-11e8-9f04-38d397e6661c; Elliott L, ‘Hammond’s budget giveaways highlight May’s weakness’, The Guardian, 29 October 2018, https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/oct/29/hammond-budget-spending-may-austerity

  2. BEIS’s TME figure for 2017/18 in PESA was significantly higher and abnormally large compared to previous years. This is because BEIS’s provisions for liabilities (included as part of resource AME figures in its annual report and accounts) increased significantly due to changes in the discount rates prescribed by HMT, causing a large increase in the present value of the nuclear decommissioning liability estimate. This was not an actual cash outflow in the financial year. In order to make the data comparable to previous years we have removed the impact of this discounting change (£71bn) from BEIS’s overall TME figure. For further explanation see BEIS, Annual Report and Accounts 2017/18, 16 July 2018, note 19.1 (p. 187), https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/beis-annual-report-and-accounts-2017-to-2018

  3. Comptroller and Auditor General, Financial Sustainability of Local Authorities 2018, session 2017–19, HC 834, National Audit Office, 2018, https://www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Financial-sustainabilty-of-local-authorites-2018.pdf

  4. Changes to administration budgets are calculated against a 2012/13 baseline (rather than 2010/11) for two reasons. First, some elements of HMRC and DWP spending directly involved were reclassified as programme rather than administration spending from 2011/12, making comparisons with previous years difficult. Second, adjusted figures for the departments created in 2016 – including BEIS – are only available going back to 2012/13.

  5. However, FCO’s administration budget has fluctuated in the intervening years (with an increase of 36% in 2013/14, a fall of 38% in 2015/16, and an increase of 49% in the most recent year), so it is unclear whether the department now has a permanently larger administration budget.

  6. Office for Budget Responsibility, ‘Economic and fiscal outlook – October 2018’, 29 October 2018, note 4.111, p. 139, https://obr.uk/efo/economic-fiscal-outlook-october-2018/

  7. Gilbert J, ‘Hammond: tax rises will fund extra £20bn for NHS’, Citywire, 21 June 2018, https://citywire.co.uk/funds-insider/news/hammond-tax-rises-will-fund-extra-20bn-for-nhs/a1131142

  8. Conservative Party, Forward, Together: Our Plan for a Stronger Britain and a Prosperous Future – The Conservative and Unionist Party Manifesto 2017, 2017, p. 14, https://s3.eu-west-2.amazonaws.com/conservative-party-manifestos/Forward+Together+-+Our+Plan+for+a+Stronger+Britain+and+a+More+Prosperous....pdf

  9. Figures based on Office for Budget Responsibility, Public Finance Databank, October 2018.

  10. Rutter J, Dodwell B, Johnson P, Crozier G, Cullinane, J, Lilly, A and McCarthy, E, Better Budgets, Chartered Institute of Taxation, Institute for Fiscal Studies and Institute for Government, 16 January 2017, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/better-budgets-making-tax-policy-better

  11. Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs Committee, Accounting for Democracy: Making sure Parliament, the people and ministers know how and why public money is spent, 27 April 2017, p. 59, https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/public-administration-and-constitutional-affairs-committee/inquiries/parliament-2015/government-accounts/. See also Freeguard G, ‘Why reforming government accounts matters’, Institute for Government, 10 May 2017, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/why-reforming-government-accounts-matters

  12. Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs Committee, Accounting for Democracy Revisited: The government response and proposed review, 27 June 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmpubadm/1197/119708.htm#_idTextAnchor025. Following the original announcement, the Treasury has invited the Institute for Government and Full Fact to take part in the review.

 

4 Public spending

  1. BBC News, ‘Private probation contracts ended early by government’, 27 July 2018, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/ uk-44973258

  2. BBC News, ‘Prisons minister Rory Stewart: I’ll resign if drugs and violence don’t go down’, 17 August 2018, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-45214414

  3. BBC News, ‘Boris Johnson blames Sadiq Khan for London knife crime “scandal”’, BBC News, 23 July 2018, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-44921656; Dodd V, ‘Police cuts hit London harder than other parts of UK, says Sadiq Khan’, The Guardian, 26 June 2018, https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/jun/26/ police-cuts-hit-london-harder-than-anywhere-else-in-uk-sadiq-khan

  4. Interview transcript, Stephen Crabb, 24 October 2016, Ministers Reflect archive, Institute for Government, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/ministers-reflect/person/stephen-crabb; interview transcript, Iain Duncan Smith, 11 July 2016, Ministers Reflect archive, Institute for Government, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/ministers-reflect/person/iain-duncan-smith

  5. GOV.UK, ‘Departments, agencies and public bodies’, as at 26 October 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations

  6. In November 2017, the Cabinet Office published the Public Bodies 2017 report outlining the status of public bodies in March of that year. Publication of the Public Bodies 2018 report was initially planned for autumn 2018, but is now delayed until March 2019.

  7. Based on total government funding for NHS England in 2016/17 (£104bn) in Cabinet Office, Public Bodies 2017, and DHSC’s total managed expenditure for 2016/17 (£148bn) in HM Treasury, PESA 2018.

  8. Timmins N, The World’s Biggest Quango, The King’s Fund and Institute for Government, 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/worlds-biggest-quango-nhs-england

  9. Cabinet Office, Partnerships Between Departments and Arms-length Bodies: Code of Good Practice, 2017, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/594345/Partnerships_between_departments_and_arm_s_length_bodies-code_of_good_practice.pdf

  10. For example, the Labour Government in 1997 and the Conservative Government in 2010.

  11. Child B, ‘Fade out from the UK Film Council ... to the British Film Institute’, The Guardian, 1 April 2011, https://www.theguardian.com/film/2011/apr/01/uk-film-council-british-institute-bfi

  12. Section 16, European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, 26 June 2018, http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2018/16/section/16/enacted (for the new environmental protection watchdog); Department for Exiting the EU, ‘Legislating for the Withdrawal Agreement between the United Kingdom and the European Union’, July 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/728757/6.4737_Cm9674_Legislating_for_the_withdrawl_agreement_FINAL_230718_v3a_WEB_PM.pdf (for the Independent Monitoring Authority); Department for International Trade, ‘Trade Bill factsheet: Trade Remedies Authority’, 14 December 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/trade-bill-factsheet-trade-remedies-authority

  13. National Audit Office, ‘Exiting the EU: Consumer protection, competition and state aid’, 6 July 2018, https://www.nao.org.uk/press-release/exiting-the-eu-consumer-protection-competition-and-state-aid

  14. UK Government, The Future Relationship between the United Kingdom and the European Union, July 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/725288/The_future_relationship_between_the_United_Kingdom_and_the_European_Union.pdf

  15. This figure excludes academies which are counted under markets and contracting.

  16. Cabinet Office, Public Bodies 2017, 30 November 2017, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/public-bodies-2017-report; Peston, R, ’Government to U-turn on police funding reform to protect Met budget’, https:// www.itv.com/news/2017-06-20/government-u-turn-on-police-funding-reform-to-protect-met-police-budget/ ITV News, 20 June 2017; BBC News, ‘“Historic” schools funding change confirmed, 14 September 2017, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-41269926; Jameson H and Peters D, ‘Queen’s speech fails to mention reforms to local government finance’, LocalGov, 21 June 2017, https://www.localgov.co.uk/Queens-speech-fails-to-mention-reforms-to-local-government-finance-/43285

  17. Comptroller and Auditor General, Government Grant Services, session 2014–15, HC 472, National Audit Office, 2014, https://www.nao.org.uk/report/government-grant-services-2/

  18. Public Administration Select Committee, ‘The collapse of Kids Company’, parliament.uk, 28 January 2016, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmselect/cmpubadm/433/43303.htm#_idTextAnchor010

  19. Cabinet Office, ‘Government releases £100bn of grant data in push for greater efficiency and transparency’, GOV.UK, 25 October 2017, https://www.gov.uk/government/news/government-releases-100bn-of-grant-data- in-push-for-greater-efficiency-and-transparency

  20. Public Administration Select Committee, ‘After Carillion: public sector outsourcing and contracting’, section 2, parliament.uk, 9 July 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmpubadm/748/74805. htm#_idTextAnchor007

  21. Ministry of Justice, ‘Ministry of Justice takes over running of HMP Birmingham’, GOV.UK, 20 August 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/news/ministry-of-justice-takes-over-running-of-hmp-birmingham

  22. Twinch E, ‘Corbyn blasts outsourcing and pledges public service renaissance’, Public Finance, 26 September 2018, https://www.publicfinance.co.uk/news/2018/09/corbyn-blasts-outsourcing-and-pledges-public-service- renaissance

  23. For more, see Davies N, Chan O, Cheung A, Freeguard G and Norris E, Government Procurement: The scale and nature of contracting in the UK, Institute for Government, 12 December 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/government-procurement

 

5 Legislation

  1. Lilly A, White H and Haigh J, Parliamentary Monitor 2018, September 2018, Institute for Government, retrieved 11 October 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publication/parliamentary-monitor-2018/primary-legislation

  2. House of Commons Library, Acts and Statutory Instruments: The volume of secondary legislation 1950 to 2016, April 2017, https://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefings/Summary/CBP-7438

  3. House of Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee, ‘Uncorrected oral evidence: quality of information provided in support of secondary legislation’, 21 November 2018, https://www.parliament.uk/documents/lords-committees/Secondary-Legislation-Scrutiny-Committee/Session%202017-19/TRANSCRIPT%20SLSC%2021-11-18%20Gardiner%20et%20al%20(002).pdf

  4. House of Commons Procedure Committee, Oral Evidence: Exiting the European Union: Scrutiny of delegated legislation, 2 May 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/procedure-committee/exiting-the-european-union-scrutiny-of-delegated-legislation/oral/82332.pdf

  5. Hansard Society, ‘Which government departments are laying the most Brexit SIs?’, accessed 8 January 2019, https://www.hansardsociety.org.uk/blog/westminster-lens-brexit-statutory-instruments-dashboard#which-government-departments-are-laying-the-most-brexit-sis

  6. House of Commons Public Accounts Committee, Oral Evidence: Defra’s progress towards Brexit, 15 October 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/public-accounts-committee/exiting-the-european-union-defra/oral/91752.pdf

  7. Leadsom A, and Heaton Harris C, ‘Letter to the Chairs of the Commons Procedure Committee, Commons European Statutory Instruments Committee, and Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee,’ 19 November 2018, https://www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/procedure/2017-19/Letter-from-Leader-of-House-and-Chris-Heaton-Harris-MP-to-Procedure-European-Statutory-Instruments-and-Lords-Secondary-Legislation-Scrutiny-Committees-re-instruments-flow-under-EU-Withdrawal-Act-2018.pdf

  8. Hansard Society, ‘Which government departments are laying the most Brexit SIs?’, accessed 8 January 2019, https://www.hansardsociety.org.uk/blog/westminster-lens-brexit-statutory-instruments-dashboard#which-government-departments-are-laying-the-most-brexit-sis

  9. House of Commons Procedure Committee, ‘Scrutiny of delegated legislation under the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018’, 9 July 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmproced/1395/139502.htm

  10. House of Commons Procedure Committee, Oral Evidence: Exiting the European Union: Scrutiny of delegated legislation, 2 May 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/procedure-committee/exiting-the-european-union-scrutiny-of-delegated-legislation/oral/82332.pdf

  11. Heaton-Harris C, ‘Letter to the Chair of the Commons Procedure Committee’, 25 October 2018, https://www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/procedure/2017-19/Letter-to-Chairman-from- Chris-Heaton-Harris-MP-Under-Secretary-DEXEU-re-flow-of-statutory-instruments-under-EU-(Withdrawal)- Act-2018-25-10-2018.pdf

  12. Leadsom A and Heaton Harris C, ‘Letter to the Chairs of the Commons Procedure Committee, Commons European Statutory Instruments Committee, and Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee,’ 19 November 2018, https://www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/procedure/2017-19/Letter-from-Leader-of- House-and-Chris-Heaton-Harris-MP-to-Procedure-European-Statutory-Instruments-and-Lords-Secondary- Legislation-Scrutiny-Committees-re-instruments-flow-under-EU-Withdrawal-Act-2018.pdf

  13. Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee, Forty Third Report of Session 2017/19, 7 December 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201719/ldselect/ldsecleg/248/24802.htm

  14. Lilly A, White H and Haigh J, op. cit.

  15. BBC News, ‘Commons firearms debate delayed amid talk of Tory rebellion’, 15 October 2018, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-45867682

 

6 Major projects

  1. Manzoni J, ‘Civil service transformation speech’, GOV.UK, 24 January 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/civil-service-transformation-speech

  2. Infrastructure and Projects Authority, Annual Report on Major Projects 2017-18, GOV.UK, 4 July 2018, p. 19, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/infrastructure-and-projects-authority-annual-report-2018

  3. Johnstone R, ‘Projecting forward: IPA chief Tony Meggs on how to improve delivery of government’s biggest schemes’, Civil Service World, 17 September 2018, https://www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/interview/ projecting-forward-ipa-chief-tony-meggs-how-improve-delivery-governments-biggest

  4. Meggs T, ‘Shifting government project delivery up a gear’, blog, Infrastructure and Projects Authority, 28 August 2018, https://ipa.blog.gov.uk/2018/08/28/shifting-government-project-delivery-up-a-gear/

  5. For example, the Asylum Accommodation and Support Transformation (AAST) currently only quotes costs for the project team, not the delivery options (which are being scoped).

  6. Direct correspondence with the Infrastructure and Projects Authority.

  7. Johnstone R, ‘Projecting forward: IPA chief Tony Meggs on how to improve delivery of government’s biggest schemes’, Civil Service World, 17 September 2018, https://www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/interview/projecting-forward-ipa-chief-tony-meggs-how-improve-delivery-governments-biggest

  8. In several places in this chapter, projects with a delivery confidence rating of red or amber/red are described as being ‘at risk’, while projects with a delivery confidence rating of green or amber/green are described as being ‘on track’.

  9. Spero J and Plimmer G, ‘HS2 suffers fresh high-profile departure’, Financial Times, 4 September 2018, https://www.ft.com/content/6ed43b94-b02a-11e8-99ca-68cf89602132; Department for Transport, ‘Crossrail and HS2 chairman steps down’, GOV.UK, 5 December 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/news/crossrail-and-hs2-chairman-steps-down

  10. Topham G, ‘London Crossrail opening postponed until autumn next year’, The Guardian, 31 August 2018, https:// www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/aug/31/london-crossrail-opening-postponed-until-autumn-next-year

  11. National Audit Office, ‘Rolling out Universal Credit’, 11 June 2018, https://www.nao.org.uk/report/rolling-out-universal-credit/; BBC News, ‘Universal credit: Vote to extend benefit to three million delayed’, 6 January 2019, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-46772901

 

7 Digital

  1. For example, Cabinet Office, ‘Government Direct: A prospectus for the electronic delivery of government services’, 1996, via Jerry Fishenden’s blog.

  2. Dowden O, ‘Letter to the Committee from Oliver Dowden CBE MP, Minister for Implementation, Cabinet Office’, House of Commons Science and Technology Committee Digital Government Inquiry, DIG0023, 2018, retrieved 2 November 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/science-and-technology-committee/digital-government/written/90822.pdf

  3. Government Digital Service, A GDS Story 2010, https://gds.blog.gov.uk/story-2010/

  4. Lane Fox M, Directgov2010 and Beyond: Revolution not evolution – letter from Martha Lane Fox to Francis Maude, 2010, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/directgov-2010-and-beyond-revolution-not-evolution-a-report-by-martha-lane-fox

  5. GOV.UK, Dashboard: Open central government websites, 2018, retrieved 10 October 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/central-government-websites

  6. Ofcom, Adults’ Media Use and Attitudes Report, 2018, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.ofcom.org.uk/research-and-data/media-literacy-research/adults/adults-media-use-and-attitudes

  7. Maude F, GOV.UK: Making public service delivery digital by default, Cabinet Office, 2010, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/news/launch-of-gov-uk-a-key-milestone-in-making-public-service-delivery-digital-by-default

  8. For example, Cook C, ‘A Christmas government website wish’, BBC News, 17 December 2014, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-30524570. GDS has responded to this by engaging specialist users: GDS, ‘Getting to know specialist users’, blog, 28 January 2014, https://insidegovuk.blog.gov.uk/2014/01/28/getting-to-know-specialist-users/

  9. Government Digital Service, GOV.UK Exemptions Guidance, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 10 October 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/request-an-exemption-from-govuk/exemptions-guidance

  10. Ferris P, ‘Exemptions’, Government Digital Service, 11 December 2012, retrieved 10 October 2018, https://gds.blog.gov.uk/2012/12/11/exemptions/

  11. Ibid.

  12. Government Digital Service, List of Central Government Websites: July to September 2018, retrieved 2 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/open-central-government-websites-september-2018

  13. Ofcom, Adults’ Media Use and Attitudes Report, 2018, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.ofcom.org.uk/ research-and-data/media-literacy-research/adults/adults-media-use-and-attitudes; Government Digital Service, Performance Dashboard: Digital inclusion, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/digital-inclusion; Ofcom, The Communications Market 2018, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.ofcom.org.uk/research-and-data/multi-sector-research/cmr/cmr-2018/report

  14. Beaven M, ‘Looking back at the exemplars’, blog, Government Digital Service, 2015, retrieved 7 November 2018, https://gds.blog.gov.uk/2015/03/27/looking-back-at-the-exemplars/

  15. Moorhouse G, ‘Improving GOV.UK on mobile devices’, blog, Government Digital Service, 2014, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://gds.blog.gov.uk/2014/02/06/improving-gov-uk-on-mobile-devices/

  16. Universal Credit is not currently listed as a digital service on the GOV.UK performance platform.

  17. Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency, ‘Vehicle tax: refunds’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 30 November 2018, https:// www.gov.uk/performance/dft-request-vehicle-tax-refund; Land Registry, ‘Land Registry: title register, plan and document views’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 30 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/land-registry-information-and-plan-views

  18. Driver and Vehicle Licensing Authority, ‘Driving licences: renewals’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 30 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/dft-renew-driving-licence

  19. HM Passport Office, ‘Apply online for a UK passport’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/apply-renew-passport; Electoral Commission, ‘Voter registration’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 30 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/register-to-vote; Animal and Plant Health Agency, ‘APHA Alerts Subscription Service’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 16 November 2018, http://animalhealth.system-message.co.uk/AH_subscribe_index.php; Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, ‘Flood information service’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://flood-warning-information.service.gov.uk/warnings; Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency, ‘Renew your driving licence’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 29 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/renew-driving-licence

  20. UK Space Agency, ‘Licence to operate a space object: how to apply’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 29 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/guidance/apply-for-a-license-under-the-outer-space-act-1986; HMRC, ‘Registrations to be a dealer in controlled oils’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/hmrc-registered-dealers-in-controlled-oils

  21. Freeguard G, Andrews E, Devine D, Munro R and Randall J, Whitehall Monitor 2015: The Coalition in 163 charts, Institute for Government, 2015, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/whitehall-monitor-2015

  22. Beaven M, ‘Looking back at the exemplars’, blog, Government Digital Service, 2015, retrieved 7 November 2018, https://gds.blog.gov.uk/2015/03/27/looking-back-at-the-exemplars/

  23. Andrews E, Thornton D, Owen J, Bleasdale A, Freeguard G and Stelk I, Making a Success of Digital Government, Institute for Government, 2016, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/making-success-digital-government; National Audit Office, Early Review of the Common Agricultural Policy Delivery Programme, 2015, https://www.nao.org.uk/report/early-review-of-the-common-agricultural-policy-delivery-programme/

  24. HMRC, Guidance: Stamp Duty Reserve Tax – the basics, GOV.UK, 2014, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/guidance/stamp-duty-reserve-tax-the-basics

  25. Cabinet Office, ‘Letter to the Committee from Oliver Dowden CBE MP, Minister for Implementation’, 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/science-and-technology-committee/digital-government/written/90822.pdf

  26. GOV.UK Notify Team, ‘Scaling GOV.UK Notify to send 500 million messages a year’, blog, Government Digital Service, 2018, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://gdstechnology.blog.gov.uk/2018/03/13/scaling-gov-uk-notify-to-send-500-million-messages-a-year/

  27. The daily number of letters sent using GOV.UK Notify is far lower than the totals for SMS or emails.

  28. Government Digital Service, ‘GOV.UK Notify’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 30 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/govuk-notify

  29. Government Digital Service, ‘Government services using GOV.UK Notify’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 30 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/govuk-notify/government-services

  30. Wirth T, ‘Introducing GOV.UK Pay’, blog, Government Digital Service, 2015, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://gds.blog.gov.uk/2015/10/15/introducing-gov-uk-pay/

  31. Government Digital Service, ‘Government services using GOV.UK Pay’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 30 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/govuk-pay/government-services

  32. Government Digital Service, ‘GOV.UK Pay’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 30 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/govuk-pay

  33. Government Digital Service, ‘GOV.UK Pay: average value per payment’, GOV.UK, retrieved 8 January 2019, https://www.gov.uk/performance/govuk-pay/average-value-graph

  34. Government Digital Service, ‘Introducing registers’, GOV.UK, 2016, retrieved 29 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/registers/registers

  35. Downey P, ‘Registers: authoritative lists you can trust’, blog, Government Digital Service, 2015, retrieved 29 November 2018, https://gds.blog.gov.uk/2015/09/01/registers-authoritative-lists-you-can-trust/

  36. Government Digital Service, ‘Introducing registers’, GOV.UK, 2016, retrieved 29 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/registers/registers

  37. Government Digital Service, ‘Government registers collection’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 29 November 2018, https://www.registers.service.gov.uk/registers

  38. Cabinet Office and Government Digital Service, Government Transformation Strategy, GOV.UK, 2017, retrieved 30 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/government-transformation-strategy-2017-to-2020/government-transformation-strategy. These include: countries recognised by the UK; geographical, political and administrative territories not recognised as countries; government domains; government organisations; local authorities in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales; and prisons (England and Wales).

  39. Government Digital Service, ‘GOV.UK registers’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 29 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/govuk-registers

  40. Government Digital Service, ‘GOV.UK domain names register’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 29 November 2018, https://www.registers.service.gov.uk/registers/government-domain

  41. Government Digital Service, ‘Country register’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 29 November 2018, https://www.registers.service.gov.uk/registers/country

  42. Or 66.5% of all API calls to registers since February 2016.

  43. Cabinet Office and Government Digital Service, Government Transformation Strategy, GOV.UK, 2017, retrieved 30 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/government-transformation-strategy-2017-to-2020/government-transformation-strategy

  44. Freeguard G, ‘The data you need to run a government’, Institute for Government, 24 September 2018.

  45. Comptroller and Auditor General, Digital Transformation in Government, National Audit Office, HC 1059, 2017, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.nao.org.uk/report/digital-transformation-in-government/

  46. Government Digital Service, ‘GOV.UK Verify’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 9 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/ government/publications/introducing-govuk-verify/introducing-govuk-verify

  47. www.gateway.gov.uk

  48. Bouchard L, ‘HMRC readies replacement Government Gateway system for 2018’, Government Computing, 2017, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://www.governmentcomputing.com/central-government/news/newshmrc-readies-replacement-government-gateway-system-for-2018-5724998

  49. Howes-Robert M, ‘Green light for Government Gateway transformation’, blog, HMRC digital, 2017, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://hmrcdigital.blog.gov.uk/2017/02/13/green-light-for-government-gateway-transformation/

  50. Ibid.

  51. Government Digital Service, ‘GOV.UK Verify’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/introducing-govuk-verify/introducing-govuk-verify

  52. GOV.UK, ‘Government services using GOV.UK Verify’, 2018, retrieved 9 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/performance/govuk-verify/government-services

  53. Comptroller and Auditor General, Digital Transformation in Government, National Audit Office, HC 1059, 2017, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.nao.org.uk/report/digital-transformation-in-government/

  54. Ibid.

  55. Dowden O, ‘GOV.UK Verify programme: Written statement – HLWS946’, House of Lords, 2018, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-statement/Lords/2018-10-09/HLWS946/

  56. Trendall S, ‘Government to hand GOV.UK Verify over to private sector and cease funding’, Civil Service World, 2018, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://www.civilserviceworld.com/articles/news/government-hand-govuk-verify-over-private-sector-and-cease-funding

  57. Comptroller and Auditor General, Digital Transformation in Government, National Audit Office, HC 1059, 2017, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.nao.org.uk/report/digital-transformation-in-government/

  58. Ibid.

  59. Ibid.

  60. Science and Technology Committee, ‘Digital Government inquiry launched’, parliament.uk, 25 July 2018, https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/science-and-technology-committee/news-parliament-2017/digital-government-inquiry-launch-17-19/

  61. Watson I, ‘How we’re developing an innovation strategy for government’, Government Digital Service, 9 November 2018, https://gds.blog.gov.uk/2018/11/09/how-were-developing-an-innovation-strategy-for-government/; Thornton D, Professionalising Whitehall: Responsibilities of the Head of Function for Digital, Data and Technology, Institute for Government, 22 August 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/professionalising-whitehall-responsibilities-head-function-digital-data-and-technology

 

8 Communication and transparency

  1. Cheung A, ‘Freedom of Information: secrecy continues at DExEU and Cabinet Office’, blog, Institute for Government, 21 September 2017, retrieved 7 December 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/ freedom-of-information-dexeu-cabinet-office-foi

  2. Rossi B, ‘Francis Maude: “I’d like to make FOI redundant”’, Information Age, 4 July 2012, retrieved 7 December 2018, https://www.information-age.com/francis-maude-id-like-to-make-foi-redundant-2111138/; Freeguard G, ‘Freedom of information and government effectiveness’, blog, Institute for Government, 22 October 2015, retrieved 7 December 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/freedom-information-and- government-effectiveness

  3. See, for example, Justice Select Committee, Post-legislative scrutiny of the Freedom of Information Act 2000: parliament.uk, 3 July 2012, p. 29, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmselect/cmjust/96/96.pdf

  4. Rosenbaum M, ‘Why Tony Blair thinks he was an idiot’, blog, BBC, 1 September 2010, retrieved 7 December 2018, html; Rosenbaum M, ‘FOI Commission: Why has it surprised observers?’, BBC News, 1 March 2016, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-35550967

  5. Ibid.

  6. Rosenbaum M, ‘Home Office takes years to answer information requests’, BBC News, 3 September 2018, retrieved 7 December 2018, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-45375745

  7. Responses to Institute for Government Freedom of Information requests.

  8. Owen J, Lloyd L and Rutter J, Preparing Brexit: How ready is Whitehall?, Institute for Government, 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/preparing-brexit-how-ready-whitehall

  9. Whitehall Monitor 2018, Institute for Government, January 2018, retrieved 5 December 2018, https://www. instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publication/whitehall-monitor-2018/communication-and-transparency

  10. House of Commons, Hansard, ‘Urgent question: exiting the EU: sectoral analysis’, 7 November 2017.

  11. Orchard R, ‘Whose house is it anyway?’, blog, Hansard Society, 12 October 2017, retrieved 6 August 2018, https:// www.hansardsociety.org.uk/blog/whose-house-is-it-anyway-speaker-of-the-house-of-commons-speech

  12. Ibid.

  13. Cabinet Office, ‘How to publish central government transparency data’, GOV.UK, 14 December 2017; https://www. gov.uk/government/collections/how-to-publish-central-government-transparency-data, Prime Minister’s Office, ‘Letter from the Prime Minister on government transparency and open data’, GOV.UK,

  14. December 2017, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/letter-from-the-prime-minister-on-government-transparency-and-open-data

  1. Freeguard G, ‘Hacking organograms: unlocking government data’, Institute for Government, 5 July 2017, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/hacking-organograms-unlocking-government-data

  2. Institute for Government, ‘Hacking organograms: unlocking government data, 28 July 2017’, Google Docs, 28 July 2017, http://bit.ly/2uO8Veo

  3. Public Health England, Public Health England Social Marketing Strategy 2017 to 2020, 2017, retrieved 7 December 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/646715/public_health_england_marketing_strategy_2017_to_2020.pdf

  4. Department for International Trade, ‘New campaign highlights trade and investment opportunities in global Britain’, GOV.UK, 2017, retrieved 7 December 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-campaign- highlights-trade-and-investment-opportunities-in-global-britain

  5. The rate at which announcements and official publications are published is significantly affected by purdah and the Christmas holidays. However, although some governments have had more days of purdah than others, there is no significant net effect on their overall rate of publishing for these categories of communication.

  6. Ofcom, Communications Market Report, 2018, retrieved 16 November 2018, https://www.ofcom.org.uk/research- and-data/multi-sector-research/cmr/cmr-2018/report

  7. Ibid.

  8. Foreign and Commonwealth Office, ‘Social media use’, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/foreign-commonwealth-office/about/social-media-use

  9. Government Digital Service, ‘How to publish on GOV.UK’, 2016, https://www.gov.uk/guidance/how-to-publish- on-gov-uk/images-and-videos

  10. Department of Health and Social Care, ‘Smoking health harms’, YouTube, 2012, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QrRwp5KXfrg

  11. Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, Now’s the time for superfast broadband #gosuperfast, YouTube, 2014, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QrRwp5KXfrg

  12. Gladstone (@treasury_cat), Instagram, retrieved 3 January 2019, https://www.instagram.com/treasury_cat/

  13. DECC (@deccgovuk), Instagram, https://www.instagram.com/deccgovuk/

  14. Great British Food (@greatbritishfood), Instagram, 2018, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://www.instagram. com/greatbritishfood/

  15. @DefraUKAir, ‘Defra Air Quality’, Twitter, 2018, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://Twitter.com/DefraUKAir

  16. Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, homepage, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 21 November 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ministry-of-housing-communities-and-local-government

  17. 4 September 2012 (41 tweets), 7 October 2013 (30 tweets), 15 July 2014 (40 tweets), 11 May 2015 (39 tweets), and 9 January 2018 (33 tweets).

  18. Freeguard G, ‘The government reshuffle, in eight charts’, Institute for Government, 20 June 2017, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/government-reshuffle-eight-charts

 

9 Performance

  1. The International Civil Service Effectiveness Index (InCiSE) – a Cabinet Office initiative supported by the Institute for Government and the Blavatnik School of Government – also adopts this approach. Whitehall Monitor 2018 set out the results of InCiSE and compared the UK’s performance to other countries. The first edition of InCiSE had a number of limitations that the authors acknowledged. They hope to address some of these in the second edition but the updated analysis is not yet available. The previous edition can be found at InCiSE, The International Civil Service Effectiveness (InCiSE) Index 2017, Institute for Government website, 6 July 2017, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/international-civil-service-effectiveness-incise-index-2017

  2. Public Administration and Constitutional Affairs Committee, Accounting for Democracy: Making sure Parliament, the people and ministers know how and why public money is spent (HC 95), The Stationery Office, 2017, https:// www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/public-administration-and-constitutional-affairs-committee/inquiries/parliament-2015/government-accounts/; National Audit Office, Government’s Management of its Performance: Progress with Single Departmental Plans, 2016, https://www.nao.org.uk/report/governments-management-of-its-performance-progress-with-single-departmental-plans/; Freeguard G, ‘Single Departmental Plans have improved but they need to go further’, blog, Institute for Government, 2 January 2018, retrieved 12 December 2018, https://www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/single-departmental-plans-have-improved-they-need-go-further

  3. National Audit Office, Improving Government’s Planning and Spending Framework, 2018, https://www.nao.org.uk/report/improving-governments-planning-and-spending-framework

  4. GOV.UK, ‘New Single Departmental Plans set out how government will deliver its priorities by 2020’, 19 February 2016, retrieved 12 December 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-single-departmental-plans-set-out-how-government-will-deliver-its-priorities-by-2020

  5. Ipsos MORI, ‘Politicians remain the least trusted profession in Britain’, 30 November 2017, https://www.ipsos.com/ipsos-mori/en-uk/politicians-remain-least-trusted-profession-britain