References

Methodology

  1. Aldridge S, Hawkins A and Xuereb C, ‘Improving public sector efficiency to achieve a smarter state’, blog, Civil Service Quarterly, 25 January 2016, retrieved 12 September 2018, https://quarterly.blog.gov.uk/2016/01/25/improving-public-sector-efficiency-to-deliver-a-smarter-state

 

Health and social care

General practice

  1. NHS England, ‘General and Personal Medical Services, England’, Bulletin Tables, March 2018, Table 2a, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/general-and-personal-medical-services/final-31-march-and-provisional-30-june-2018-experimental-statistics
  2. NHS England, General Practice Forward View, NHS England, 2016, www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/gpfv.pdf, p. 4.
  3. Ibid.
  4. NHS England, NHS Planning and Financial Allocations for 2018/19, Board Paper, NHS England, 2018, www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/04_PB_08_02_2018-Planning-guidance-and-finance-allocations-for-18-19.revised.pdf, p. 7.
  5. Office for National Statistics, ‘Estimates of the Population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland’, MYEB1 Detailed Population Estimates Series UK, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/datasets/populationestimatesforukenglandandwalesscotlandandnorthernireland
  6. Department of Health, Resource Allocation: Weighted capitation formula, Department of Health, 2011, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/resource-allocation-weighted-capitation-formula, p. 61.
  7. Office for National Statistics, ‘Estimates of the Population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland’, MYEB1 Detailed Population Estimates Series UK, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/datasets/populationestimatesforukenglandandwalesscotlandandnorthernireland
  8. Department of Health, Resource Allocation: Weighted capitation formula, Department of Health, 2011, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/resource-allocation-weighted-capitation-formula, p. 61.
  9. Department of Health, Long Term Conditions Compendium of Information, Department of Health, 2012, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/216528/dh_134486.pdf, pp. 3 and 6.
  10. NHS England, General Practice Forward View, NHS England, 2016, www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/gpfv.pdf, p. 16.
  11. Comptroller and Auditor General, Improving Patient Access to General Practice, Session 2016–17, HC 913, National Audit Office, 2017, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Improving-patient-access-general-practice.pdf, p. 6; Lind S and Wickware C, ‘Record number of GP trainees recruited, education bosses announce’, Pulse, 14 June 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.pulsetoday.co.uk/partners-/practice-business/record-number-of-gp-trainees-recruited-education-bosses-announce/20036896.article
  12. Rosser E, ‘Revealed: GP vacancy rates rocket with one in six roles unfilled’, Pulse, 6 July 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.pulsetoday.co.uk/partners-/practice-business/revealed-gp-vacancy-rates-rocket-with-one-in-six-roles-unfilled/20036995.article
  13. Baird B, Charles A, Honeyman M, Maguire D and Das P, Understanding Pressures in General Practice, The King’s Fund, 2016, www.kingsfund.org.uk/sites/default/files/field/field_publication_file/Understanding-GP-pressures-Kings-Fund-May-2016.pdf, p. 60; Nosa-Ehima M, ‘Through the eyes of GP trainees: workforce of the future’, blog, The King’s Fund, 16 August 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.kingsfund.org.uk/blog/2018/08/gp-trainees-workforce-future
  14. Gibson J, Sutton M, Spooner S and Checkland K, Ninth National GP Worklife Survey 2017, Policy Research Unit in Commissioning and the Healthcare System, 2018, http://blogs.lshtm.ac.uk/prucomm/files/2018/05/Ninth-National-GP-Worklife-Survey.pdf, p. 13.
  15. Ibid., p. 27.
  16. NHS England, General Practice Forward View, NHS England, 2016, www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/gpfv.pdf, p. 22.
  17. Murray R, Jabbal J, Thompson J, Baird B and Maguire D, ‘Survey’, in The King’s Fund, Quarterly Monitoring Report 23, The King’s Fund, 2017, retrieved 12 September 2018, http://qmr.kingsfund.org.uk/2017/23/survey
  18. NHS Digital, ‘General and Personal Medical Services’, NHS Digital, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/general-and-personal-medical-services
  19. Ibid.
  20. Gibson J, Sutton M, Spooner S and Checkland K, Ninth National GP Worklife Survey 2017, Policy Research Unit in Commissioning and the Healthcare System, 2018, http://blogs.lshtm.ac.uk/prucomm/files/2018/05/Ninth-National-GP-Worklife-Survey.pdf, p. 22.
  21. NHS England, ‘Extended Access to General Practice’, various years, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.england.nhs.uk/statistics/statistical-work-areas/extended-access-general-practice
  22. Ewbank L, Omojomolo D, Sullivan K and McKenna H, The Rising Cost of Medicines to the NHS: What’s the story?, The King’s Fund, 2018, www.kingsfund.org.uk/sites/default/fi es/2018-04/Rising-cost-of-medicines.pdf, p. 24.
  23. NHS Digital, ‘Prescriptions Dispensed in the Community – Statistics for England, 2007–2017’, NHS Digital, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/prescriptions-dispensed-in-the-community/prescriptions-dispensed-in-the-community-england---2007---2017
  24. Hippisley-Cox J and Vinogradova Y, Trends in Consultation Rates in General Practice, 1995 to 2008: Analysis of the QResearch® database, NHS Information Centre, 2009, https://files.digital.nhs.uk/publicationimport/pub01xxx/pub01077/tren-cons-rate-gene-prac-95-09-95-08-rep.pdf, p. 7.
  25. Hobbs FDR, Bankhead C, Mukhtar T, Stevens S, Perera-Salazar R, Holt T and Salisbury C, ‘Clinical workload in UK primary care: a retrospective analysis of 100 million consultations in England, 2007–14’, The Lancet, 2016, vol. 387, no. 10035, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673616006206.
  26. Baird B, Charles A, Honeyman M, Maguire D and Das P, Understanding Pressures in General Practice, The King’s Fund, 2016, www.kingsfund.org.uk/sites/default/files/field/field_publication_file/Understanding-GP-pressures-Kings-Fund-May-2016.pdf, p. 3.
  27. The Health Foundation, ‘Characteristics of frequent attenders at general practice’, The Health Foundation, 2017, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.health.org.uk/chart-characteristics-frequent-attenders-general-practice
  28. Finch D, ‘Health investment needs long-term thinking’, blog, The Health Foundation, 10 July 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.health.org.uk/blog/health-investment-needs-long-term-thinking
  29. NHS England, ‘NHS Workforce Statistics – May 2018’, staff group, area and level, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/nhs-workforce-statistics/may-2018
  30. Rosen R, Meeting Need or Fuelling Demand?, Nuffield Trust, 2014, www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/files/2017-01/meeting-need-or-fuelling-demand-web-final.pdf, p. 4.
  31. NHS England, ‘GP Patient Survey’, NHS England, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.gp-patient.co.uk
  32. Robertson R, Appleby J and Evans H, Public Satisfaction with the NHS and Social Care in 2017: Results and trends from the British Social Attitudes survey, Nuffield Trust, 2018, retrieved 12 September 2016, www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/research/public-satisfaction-with-the-nhs-and-social-care-in-2017#how-satisfied-is-the-british-public-with-different-nhs-and-social-care-services
  33. NHS England, ‘GP Patient Survey’, NHS England, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.gp-patient.co.uk.
  34. Care Quality Commission, The State of Care in General Practice, Care Quality Commission, 2017, www.cqc.org.uk/sites/default/files/20170921_state_of_care_in_general_practice2014-17.pdf, pp. 12–13.
  35. Care Quality Commission, The State of Care in Urgent Primary Care Services: 2014 to 2017, Care Quality Commission, 2018, www.cqc.org.uk/sites/default/files/20180619%20State%20of%20care%20in%20urgent%20primary%20care%20services.pdf, p. 16.
  36. NHS Digital, ‘Quality and Outcomes Framework, Achievement Data’, NHS Digital, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/quality-and-outcomes-framework-achievement-data
  37. NHS Digital, ‘Prescriptions Dispensed in the Community – Statistics for England, 2007–2017’, NHS Digital, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/prescriptions-dispensed-in-the-community/prescriptions-dispensed-in-the-community-england---2007---2017
  38. Ewbank L, Omojomolo D, Sullivan K and McKenna H, The Rising Cost of Medicines to the NHS: What’s the story?, The King’s Fund, 2018, www.kingsfund.org.uk/sites/default/files/2018-04/Rising-cost-of-medicines.pdf, p. 24; NHS Digital, ‘Prescriptions Dispensed in the Community – Statistics for England, 2007–2017’, NHS Digital, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/prescriptions-dispensed-in-the-community/prescriptions-dispensed-in-the-community-england---2007---2017
  39. NHS Digital, ‘GP Earnings and Expenses Estimates Time Series’, NHS Digital, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/gp-earnings-and-expenses-estimates/gp-earnings-and-expenses-time-series
  40. GOV.UK, ‘Around one million public sector workers to get pay rise’, GOV.UK, 24 July 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/news/around-one-million-public-sector-workers-to-get-pay-rise
  41. Campbell JL, Fletcher E, Britten N, Green C, Holt TA and others, ‘Telephone triage for management of same-day consultation requests in general practice (the ESTEEM trial): a cluster-randomised controlled trial and cost-consequence analysis’, The Lancet, 2014, vol. 384, no. 9957, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673614610588
  42. NHS England, ‘General and Personal Medical Services, England’, Bulletin Tables, NHS England, March 2018, Table 2a, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/general-and-personal-medical-services/final-31-march-and-provisional-30-june-2018-experimental-statistics
  43. Kumpunen S, Curry N, Farnworth M and Rosen R, Collaboration in General Practice: Surveys of GP practice and clinical commissioning groups, Nuffield Trust, 2017, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/research/collaboration-in-general-practice-surveys-of-gp-practice-and-clinical-commissioning-groups
  44. NHS England, GP Patient Survey, www.gp-patient.co.uk.
  45. Campbell D, ‘Report highlights sharp fall in patients able to see own GP regularly’, The Guardian, 9 May 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.theguardian.com/society/2018/may/09/report-highlights-sharp-fall-in-patients-able-to-see-own-gp-regularly
  46. Rosen R, Divided We Fall: Getting the best out of general practice, Nuffield Trust, 2018, www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/files/2018-02/nt-divided-we-fall-gp-web.pdf.
  47. Gibson J, Sutton M, Spooner S and Checkland K, Ninth National GP Worklife Survey 2017, Policy Research Unit in Commissioning and the Healthcare System, 2018, http://blogs.lshtm.ac.uk/prucomm/files/2018/05/Ninth-National-GP-Worklife-Survey.pdf, p. 30.
  48. Comptroller and Auditor General, Improving Patient Access to General Practice, Session 2016–17, HC 913, National Audit Office, 2017, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Improving-patient-access-general-practice.pdf, p. 6.
  49. Triggle N, ‘GP waiting time target “scrapped”’, BBC News, 21 June 2010, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/10364566
  50. NHS England, ‘GP Patient Survey’, NHS England, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.gp-patient.co.uk
  51. Ibid.
  52. Ibid.
  53. Lind S, ‘One in three GP requests to close practice lists blocked by NHS England’, Pulse, 4 March 2014, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.pulsetoday.co.uk/your-practice/practice-topics/practice-income/one-in-three-gp-requests-to-close-practice-lists-blocked-by-nhs-england/20005988.article
  54. Lind S, ‘More than a third of GP practices may close lists to new patients’, Pulse, 11 December 2017, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.pulsetoday.co.uk/home/finance-and-practice-life-news/more-than-a-third-of-gp-practices-may-close-lists-to-new-patients/20035809.article

 

Hospitals

  1. Department of Health and Social Care, Annual Report and Accounts 2017–18, The Stationery Office, 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/728780/Department_of_Health_Annual_Report___Accounts_Web_Accessible_NEW.pdf, p. 143.
  2. NHS Improvement, Performance of the NHS Provider Sector for the Year Ended 31 March 2018, NHS Improvement, 2018, https://improvement.nhs.uk/documents/2852/Quarter_4_2017-18_performance_report.pdf, p. 22.
  3. Gilburt H, ‘Funding and staffing of NHS mental health providers: still waiting for parity’, The King’s Fund, 2018, retrieved 6 September 2018, www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/funding-staffing-mental-health-providers
  4. Institute for Financial Studies and The Health Foundation, Securing the Future: Funding health and social care to the 2030s, Institute for Financial Studies and The Health Foundation, 2018, www.ifs.org.uk/uploads/publications/comms/R143.pdf, p. ii.
  5. Office for National Statistics, ‘Estimates of the Population for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland’, MYEB1 Detailed Population Estimates Series UK, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/datasets/populationestimatesforukenglandandwalesscotlandandnorthernireland
  6. Ibid.
  7. NHS Digital, Hospital Admitted Patient Care Activity: 2016–17, NHS Digital, 2017, https://files.digital.nhs.uk/pdf/0/8/hosp-epis-stat-admi-summ-rep-2016-17-rep.pdf, p. 7; Office for Budget Responsibility, Fiscal Sustainability Report: January 2017, The Stationery Office, 2017, http://cdn.obr.uk/FSR_Jan17.pdf, p. 48.
  8. NHS England, ‘Health Survey for England’, adult health trends, various years, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/health-survey-for-england
  9. Office for National Statistics, ‘Healthy state life expectancy – all ages’, HE country-level estimates, Office for National Statistics, 2017, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/healthandlifeexpectancies/datasets/healthstatelifeexpectancyallagesuk
  10. Department of Health, Long Term Conditions Compendium of Information, Department of Health, 2012, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/216528/dh_134486.pdf, p. 3.
  11. Department of Health, Resource Allocation: Weighted capitation formula, Department of Health, 2011, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/resource-allocation-weighted-capitation-formula, p. 61.
  12. Department of Health and Social Care, Annual Report and Accounts 2017–18, The Stationery Office, 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/728780/Department_of_Health_Annual_Report___Accounts_Web_Accessible_NEW.pdf, p. 144.
  13. Francis R, Report of the Mid Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust Inquiry, The Stationery Office, 2013, retrieved 18 September 2018, http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20150407084231/http://www.midstaffspublicinquiry.com/report; NICE, Safe Staffing for Nursing in Adult Inpatient Wards in Acute Hospitals, NICE, 2014, retrieved 18 September 2018, www.nice.org.uk/guidance/sg1/resources/safe-staffing-for-nursing-in-adult-inpatient-wards-in-acute-hospitals-pdf-61918998469
  14. Grasic K, Unit Costs of Health and Social Care 2016: Agency staff in the NHS, Personal Social Services Research Unit, 2016, www.pssru.ac.uk/pub/uc/uc2016/full.pdf?uc=2016-full, p. 7; National Audit Office, Managing the Supply of NHS Clinical Staff in England, The Stationery Office, 2016, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Managing-the-supply-of-NHS-clinical-staff-in-England-Summary.pdf, p. 4; NHS Improvement, Performance of the NHS Provider Sector for the Year Ended 31 March 2018, NHS Improvement, 2018, https://improvement.nhs.uk/documents/2852/Quarter_4_2017-18_performance_report.pdf, p. 23.
  15. NHS Digital, ‘NHS Vacancy Statistics England – February 2015 – March 2018, Provisional Experimental Statistics’, Table 8, NHS Digital, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/nhs-vacancies-survey/nhs-vacancy-statistics-england---february-2015---march-2018-provisional-experimental-statistics
  16. Sims A, ‘Autumn statement: grants for student nurses to be scrapped and replaced with loans’, The Independent, 25 November 2015, retrieved 6 September 2018, www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/autumn-statement-grants-for-student-nurses-to-be-scrapped-and-replaced-with-loans-a6748446.html
  17. UCAS, End of Cycle Report 2017: Patterns by subject, UCAS, 2017, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.ucas.com/file/136531/download?token=A0UpZoEd, p. 11; UCAS, ‘Statistical releases – daily clearing analysis 2018’, UCAS, 31 August 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.ucas.com/data-and-analysis/undergraduate-statistics-and-reports/statistical-releases-daily-clearing-analysis-2018; UCAS Analysis and Research, ‘Deadline applicant statistics: January’, UCAS, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.ucas.com/file/147216/download?token=wuwe_zbe, p. 2.
  18. Nursing & Midwifery Council, ‘Registration Statistics’, nurses and midwives joining the register for the first time by country of initial registration, Nursing & Midwifery Council, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.nmc.org.uk/about-us/reports-and-accounts/registration-statistics
  19. NHS Digital, ‘NHS Workforce Statistics – March 2018’, NHS Digital, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/nhs-workforce-statistics/nhs-workforce-statistics---march-2018-provisional-statistics
  20. NHS, ‘NHS Staff Survey 2018’, NHS, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.nhsstaffsurveys.com/Page/1056/Home/NHS-Staff-Survey-2018
  21. NHS Digital, Prescribing Costs in Hospitals and the Community, England 2016/17, NHS Digital, 2017, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/prescribing-costs-in-hospitals-and-the-community/2016-17.
  22. Ewbank L, Omojomolo D, Sullivan K and McKenna H, The Rising Cost of Medicines to the NHS: What’s the story?, The King’s Fund, 2018, www.kingsfund.org.uk/sites/default/files/2018-04/Rising-cost-of-medicines.pdf, p. 8.
  23. Department of Health, ‘HCHS Pay and Price Series 2015/16’, Department of Health, 2016, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.info.doh.gov.uk/doh/finman.nsf/af3d43e36a4c8f8500256722005b77f8/360a47827991d10a80258036002d8d9f/$FILE/2015.16%20Pay%20&%20Price%20series.xlsx.
  24. Curtis L, Unit Costs of Health & Social Care: 2010, Personal Social Services Research Unit, 2010, www.pssru.ac.uk/pub/uc/uc2010/uc2010.pdf, p. 119; Personal Social Services Research Unit, Unit Costs of Health and Social Care 2017, Personal Social Services Research Unit, 2017, www.pssru.ac.uk/pub/uc/uc2017/services.pdf, p. 110.
  25. Department of Health, Reference Costs 2014–15, Department of Health, 2015, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/477919/2014-15_Reference_costs_publication.pdf, p. 6; NHS Improvement, Reference Costs 2016/17: Highlights, analysis and introduction to the data, NHS Improvement, 2017, https://improvement.nhs.uk/documents/1972/1_-_Reference_costs_publication_VSnAQ5x.pdf, p. 5.
  26. NHS England, ‘Hospital Episode Statistics’, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/data-tools-and-services/data-services/hospital-episode-statistics.
  27. NHS Digital, ‘Hospital Episode Statistics for admitted patient care, outpatient and accident and emergency data’, NHS Digital, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/hospital-episode-statistics-for-admitted-patient-care-outpatient-and-accident-and-emergency-data; NHS England, ‘Monthly Diagnostic Waiting times and Activity’, NHS England, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.england.nhs.uk/statistics/statistical-work-areas/diagnostics-waiting-times-and-activity/monthly-diagnostics-waiting-times-and-activity; NHS England, ‘Monthly Hospital Activity Data’, NHS England, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.england.nhs.uk/statistics/statistical-work-areas/hospital-activity/monthly-hospital-activity/mar-data.
  28. Steventon A, Deeny S, Friebel R, Gardener T and Thorlby R, Briefing: Emergency admissions in England: Which may be avoidable and how?, The Health Foundation, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.health.org.uk/publication/emergency-hospital-admissions-england-which-may-be-avoidable-and-how, p. 1.
  29. House of Commons Health Committee, Managing the Care of People with Long-term Conditions, The Stationery Office, 2014, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmselect/cmhealth/401/401.pdf, p. 8.
  30. NHS Digital, ‘3a Emergency admissions for acute conditions that should not usually require hospital admission’, NHS Digital, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/clinical-indicators/nhs-outcomes- framework/current/domain-3-helping-people-to-recover-from-episodes-of-ill-health-or-following-injury-nof/3a-emergency-admissions-for-acute-conditions-that-should-not-usually-require-hospital-admission.
  31. Alderwick H, Robertson R, Appleby J, Dunn P and Maguire D, Better Value in the NHS, The King’s Fund, 2015, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/better-value-nhs/summary, p. 49.
  32. NHS England, ‘Friends and Family Test Data’, NHS England, various years, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.england.nhs.uk/fft/friends-and-family-test-data/fft-data-historic/#inpatient.
  33. Robertson R, Appleby J and Evans H, Briefing: Public satisfaction with the NHS and social care in 2017, Nuffield Trust, 2017, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/research/public-satisfaction-with-the-nhs-and-social-care-in-2017, pp. 5, 12.
  34. NHS Digital, ‘5.2.ii Incidence of healthcare-associated infection – C. difficile’, NHS Digital, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/clinical-indicators/nhs-outcomes-framework/current/domain-5-treating-and-caring-for-people-in-a-safe-environment-and-protecting-them-from-avoidable-harm-nof/5-2-ii-incidence-of-healthcare-associated-infection-c-difficile; NHS Digital, ‘5.2.i Incidence of healthcare-associated infection – MRSA’, NHS Digital, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/clinical-indicators/nhs-outcomes-framework/current/domain-5-treating-and-caring-for-people-in-a-safe-environment-and-protecting-them-from-avoidable-harm-nof/5-2-i-incidence-of-healthcare-associated-infection-mrsa.
  35. NHS Digital, ‘Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator (SHMI) – Deaths Associated with Hospitalization, England, January 2017 – December 2017’, NHS Digital, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/clinical-indicators/shmi.
  36. NHS, ‘Classic Thermometer Dashboard’, NHS, www.safetythermometer.nhs.uk/index.php/classic-thermometer/analyse-data-classic/dashboard-classic.
  37. Care Quality Commission, The State of Care in NHS Acute Hospitals: 2014 to 2016, Care Quality Commission, 2017, www.cqc.org.uk/sites/default/fi es/20170302b_stateofhospitals_web.pdf, p. 16.
  38. NHS Improvement, Performance of the NHS Provider Sector Year Ended 31 March 2017, NHS Improvement, 2017, https://improvement.nhs.uk/documents/1264/M12_201617_provider_sector_performance_report_-_Fin_Accts_-_FINAL.pdf, p. 17; NHS Improvement, Performance of the NHS Provider Sector for the Year Ended 31 March 2018, NHS Improvement, 2018, https://improvement.nhs.uk/documents/2852/Quarter_4_2017-18_performance_report.pdf, p. 8.
  39. NHS England, Five Year Forward View, NHS England, 2014, www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/5yfv-web.pdf, p. 5.
  40. Office for National Statistics, ‘Growth rates and indices for public service healthcare inputs, quantity and quality adjusted output and productivity’, 1995 to 2015, https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/economicoutputandproductivity/publicservicesproductivity/datasets/growthratesandindicesforpublicservicehealthcareinputsquantityandqualityadjustedoutputandproductivity.
  41. Department of Health, ‘HCHS Pay and Price Series 2015/16’, Department of Health, 2016, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.info.doh.gov.uk/doh/finman.nsf/af3d43e36a4c8f8500256722005b77f8/360a47827991d10a80258036002d8d9f/$FILE/2015.16%20Pay%20&%20Price%20series.xlsx.
  42. Dayan M, ‘How much has the NHS saved by holding down pay?’, blog, Nuffield Trust, 12 December 2017, retrieved 6 September 2018, www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/news-item/how-much-has-the-nhs-saved-by-holding-down-pay#adding-to-the-bill.
  43. NHS, ‘NHS Staff Survey 2018’, NHS, 2018, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.nhsstaffsurveys.com/Page/1056/Home/NHS-Staff-Survey-2018.
  44. Triggle N, ‘NHS pay: unions agree deal for 1.3 million staff’, BBC News, 21 March 2018, retrieved 6 September 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-43481341.
  45. BBC News, ‘Public sector workers: pay rises announced for a million people’, BBC News, 24 July 2018, retrieved 6 September 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-44933009.
  46. Ewbank L, Thompson J and McKenna H, ‘NHS hospital bed numbers: past, present, future’, The King’s Fund, 29 September 2017, retrieved 6 September 2018, https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/nhs-hospital-bed-numbers.
  47. NHS England, ‘Bed Availability and Occupancy Data’, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.england.nhs.uk/statistics/statistical-work-areas/bed-availability-and-occupancy.
  48. Ibid.
  49. Comptroller and Auditor General, Emergency Admissions to Hospital: Managing the demand, National Audit Office, 2013, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/10288-001-Emergency-admissions.pdf, p. 22.
  50. NHS England, ‘Bed Availability and Occupancy Data’, retrieved 15 September 2018, www.england.nhs.uk/statistics/statistical-work-areas/bed-availability-and-occupancy.
  51. Baker C, NHS Winter Pressures 2017/18, England, Briefing Paper no. 8210, House of Commons Library, 2018, retrieved 16 September 2018, https://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-8210#fullreport, p. 3.
  52. Royal College of Surgeons, ‘Over 62,000 fewer operations performed this winter, following necessary cancellations’, Royal College of Surgeons, 2018, retrieved 6 September 2018, www.rcseng.ac.uk/news-and-events/media-centre/press-releases/ more-patients-wait-longer-for-elective-surgery.
  53. NHS England, ‘Deferred elective activity in January 2018’, NHS England, 2018, www.england.nhs.uk/statistics/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2018/03/Deferred-elective-activity-in-January-2018-FINAL.pdf, p. 1.
  54. NHS England, Five Year Forward View, NHS England, 2014, www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/5yfv-web.pdf, p. 35.
  55. NHS Improvement, Performance of the NHS Provider Sector Year Ended 31 March 2017, NHS Improvement, 2017, https://improvement.nhs.uk/documents/1264/M12_201617_provider_sector_performance_report_-_Fin_Accts_-_FINAL.pdf, p. 17; NHS Improvement, Performance of the NHS Provider Sector for the Year Ended 31 March 2018, NHS Improvement, 2018, https://improvement.nhs.uk/documents/2852/Quarter_4_2017-18_performance_report.pdf, p. 27.
  56. Anandaciva S, ‘Nine things we learnt about provider finances in 2016/17’, The King’s Fund, 2017, retrieved 6 September 2018, www.kingsfund.org.uk/publications/nine-things-NHS-provider-finances-2016-17.
  57. NHS Improvement, Performance of the NHS Provider Sector for the Year Ended 31 March 2017, NHS Improvement, 2017, https://improvement.nhs.uk/documents/1264/M12_201617_provider_sector_performance_report_-_Fin_Accts_-_FINAL.pdf, p. 3.
  58. Edwards N, ‘Capital planning and property in the NHS: lost opportunities’, blog, Nuffield Trust, 27 October 2017, retrieved 6 September 2018, www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/news-item/capital-planning-and-property-in-the-nhs-lost-opportunities; NHS Digital, ‘Estates Return Information Collection’, Table 9, retrieved 15 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/estates-returns-information-collection.
  59. NHS Improvement, Performance of the NHS Provider Sector for the Year Ended 31 March 2018, NHS Improvement, 2018, https://improvement.nhs.uk/documents/2852/Quarter_4_2017-18_performance_report.pdf, p. 19.
  60. Department of Health and Social Care, ‘Guidance: The NHS Constitution for England’, GOV. UK, 14 October 2015, retrieved 18 September 2018, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-nhs-constitution-for-england/the-nhs-constitution-for-england.
  61. NHS England, ‘A&E Attendances and Emergency Admissions’, https://www.england.nhs.uk/statistics/statistical-work-areas/ae-waiting-times-and-activity/; NHS England, ‘Cancelled Elective Operations Data’, https://www.england.nhs.uk/statistics/statistical-work-areas/cancelled-elective-operations/cancelled-ops-data/; NHS England, ‘Consultant-led Referral to Treatment Waiting Times’, https://www.england.nhs.uk/statistics/statistical-work-areas/rtt-waiting-times/; NHS England, ‘Cancer Waiting Times’, National Time Series (Provider based), https://www.england.nhs.uk/statistics/statistical-work-areas/cancer-waiting-times/.
  62. May T, ‘PM speech on the NHS: 18 June 2018’, GOV.UK, 18 June 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/speeches/pm-speech-on-the-nhs-18-june-2018.
  63. NHS England, NHS Planning for 2018/19, Board Paper, NHS England, 2017, www. england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/04-pb-30-11-2017-nhs-planning- for-2018-19.pdf, p. 4.
  64. May T, ‘PM speech on the NHS: 18 June 2018’, GOV.UK, 18 June 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/speeches/pm-speech-on-the-nhs-18-june-2018.
  65. Whale, Sebastian, ‘Simon Stevens: “The NHS has an enormous responsibility to be wise stewards of this additional investment”, The House, 28th June 2018, retrieved 12th September 2018, https://www.politicshome.com/news/uk/health-and-care/nhs/house/house-magazine/96377/simon-stevens-%E2%80%9C-nhs-has-enormous.

 

Adult social care

  1. Sandford M, Harker R and Cromarty H, Adult Social Care Funding (England), House of Commons Library, 2018
  2. Lee T and Stoye G, Securing the Future: Funding health and social care to the 2030s: 1. UK health and social care spending, Institute for Fiscal Studies, 2018, p. 2.
  3. Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, ADASS Budget Survey 2018, Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, 2018, p. 12.
  4. Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, Local Authority Revenue Expenditure and Financing: 2018–19 Budget, England, Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, 2018, p. 4.
  5. Local Government Association, Improved Better Care Fund Questions and Answers, Local Government Association, 2017.
  6. HM Treasury, Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015, The Stationery Office, 2015, p. 33.
  7. HM Treasury, Spring Budget 2017, The Stationery Office, 2017, p. 47.
  8. Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, Core Spending Power – Explanatory Note, Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, 2018, p. 2.
  9. Department of Health and Social Care, ‘£240 million social care investment to ease NHS winter pressures’, press release, 2 October 2018.
  10. HM Treasury, Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015, The Stationery Office, 2015, p. 33.
  11. Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, ‘Core spending power: final local government finance settlement 2018 to 2019’, Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, 2018, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/core-spending-power-final-local-government-finance-settlement-2018-to-2019
  12. Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, ADASS Budget Survey 2018, Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, 2018, p. 12.
  13. Murphie A, Burfitt A, Burkett M, King J, Lowe S, Neogi R, Paton C and Saffa S, Financial Sustainability of Local Authorities 2018, National Audit Office, 2018, pp. 46–7.
  14. Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, ADASS Budget Survey 2018, Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, 2018, pp. 12–13.
  15. Luchinskaya D, Simpson P and Stoye G, IFS Green Budget 2017: UK health and social care spending, Institute for Fiscal Studies, 2017, p. 30.
  16. NHS Digital, Adult Social Care Activity and Finance Report: Detailed analysis, England 2016–17, NHS Digital, 2017, p. 24.
  17. NHS Digital, Health Survey for England 2016: Summary of key findings, NHS Digital, 2017, p. 32.
  18. NHS Digital, ‘Health Survey for England – health, social care and lifestyles’, NHS Digital, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/areas-of-interest/public-health/health-survey-for-england-health-social-care-and-lifestyles
  19. Murphie A, Burfitt A, Burkett M, King J, Lowe S, Neogi R, Paton C and Saffa S, Financial Sustainability of Local Authorities 2018, National Audit Office, 2018, p. 20.
  20. Social Care Institute for Excellence, ‘Learning disabilities and dementia’, Social Care Institute for Excellence, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.scie.org.uk/dementia/living-with-dementia/learning-disabilities/
  21. NHS Digital, ‘Adult social care activity and finance report’, NHS Digital, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/adult-social-care-activity-and-finance-report
  22. Griffiths D, Fenton W, Davison S, Polzin G, Price R, Arkseden J and Cox D, The State of the Adult Social Care Sector and Workforce in England, Skills for Care, 2017, p. 12.
  23. Fenton W, Polzin G, Arkseden J and McCaffrey R, The Size and Structure of the Adult Social Care Sector and Workforce in England, 2018, Skills for Care, 2018, p. 39.
  24. Ibid., p. 6.
  25. Murphie A, Burfitt A, Burkett M, King J, Lowe S, Neogi R, Paton C and Saffa S, Financial Sustainability of Local Authorities 2018, National Audit Office, 2018, p. 28.
  26. Skills for Care, ‘Workforce estimates’, Skills for Care, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.skillsforcare.org.uk/NMDS-SC-intelligence/Workforce-intelligence/publications/Workforceestimates.aspx
  27. Murphie A, Burfitt A, Burkett M, King J, Lowe S, Neogi R, Paton C and Saffa S, Financial Sustainability of Local Authorities 2018, National Audit Office, 2018, p. 31.
  28. Adult Social Care Statistics Team, Community Care Statistics: Social services activity, England: 2013–14, final release, Health & Social Care Information Centre, 2014, pp. 111–17.
  29. NHS Digital, ‘Community care statistics: social services activity’, NHS Digital, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/community-care-statistics-social-services-activity
  30. Lupton R, with Burchardt T, Fitzgerald A, Hills J, McKnight A, Obolenskaya P, Stewart K, Thomson S, Tunstall R and Vizard P, The Coalition’s Record on Adult Social Care: Policy, spending and outcomes 2010–2015, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, 2015, p. 35.
  31. Adult Social Care Statistics Team, Community Care Statistics: Social services activity, England: 2013–14, final release, Health & Social Care Information Centre, 2014, p. 34.
  32. Care Quality Commission, The State of Health Care and Adult Social Care in England 2015/16, Care Quality Commission, 2016, p. 61.
  33. Care Quality Commission, The State of Health Care and Adult Social Care in England 2014/15, Care Quality Commission, 2015, p. 59; Care Quality Commission, The State of Health Care and Adult Social Care in England 2016/17, Care Quality Commission, 2017, p. 55.
  34. NHS Digital, Personal Social Services Adult Social Care Survey: England 2016–17, NHS Digital, 2017, p. 13.
  35. BBC News, ‘General election 2017: new warning over social care plans’, BBC News, 22 May 2017, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/election-2017-39995648
  36. Robertson R, Appleby J and Evans H, Public Satisfaction with the NHS and Social Care in 2017: Results and trends from the British Social Attitudes survey, Nuffield Trust, 2018.
  37. Lewis J, Measuring Adult Social Care Productivity in the UK and England: 2016, Office for National Statistics, 2018.
  38. Ibid.
  39. Low Pay Commission, Non-compliance and Enforcement of the National Minimum Wage, Low Pay Commission, 2017, pp. 31–2.
  40. Skills for Care, Pay in the Adult Social Care Sector, Skills for Care, 2018, p. 6.
  41. Ibid., p. 3.
  42. UK Commission for Employment and Skills, Sector Insights: Skills and performance challenges in the health and social care sector, UK Commission for Employment and Skills, 2015.
  43. Moriarty J, Manthorpe J and Harris J, Recruitment and Retention in Adult Social Care Services, Social Care Workforce Research Unit, 2018, p. 7.
  44. Griffiths D, Fenton W, Davison S, Polzin G, Price R, Arkseden J and Cox D, The State of the Adult Social Care Sector and Workforce in England, Skills for Care, 2017, p. 39.
  45. Care Quality Commission, The State of Health Care and Adult Social Care in England 2015/16, Care Quality Commission, 2016, p. 44.
  46. Competition and Markets Authority, Care Homes Market Study: Final report: Appendices and glossary, Competition and Markets Authority, 2017, pp. 37–40.
  47. Ibid., p. 41.
  48. Competition and Markets Authority, Care Homes Market Study: Final report, Competition and Markets Authority, 2017, p. 13.
  49. Competition and Markets Authority, Care Homes Market Study: Final report: Appendices and glossary, Competition and Markets Authority, 2017, p. 42.
  50. Competition and Markets Authority, Care Homes Market Study: Final report, Competition and Markets Authority, 2017, p. 100.
  51. UK Homecare Association, The Homecare Deficit 2016: A report on the funding of older people’s homecare across the United Kingdom, UK Homecare Association, 2016, p. 5.
  52. Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, ADASS Budget Survey 2018, Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, 2018, p. 27.
  53. Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, ADASS Budget Survey 2015, Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, 2015, p. 23.
  54. Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, ADASS Budget Survey 2018, Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, 2018, p. 24.
  55. Competition and Markets Authority, Care Homes Market Study: Final report, Competition and Markets Authority, 2017, p. 92.
  56. Davison N, Andrews E, McCrae J, Boon A and Douglas R, Performance Tracker: A data- driven analysis of the performance of government: Spring 2017, Institute for Government, 2017, p. 24.
  57. Campbell D and Syal R, ‘Number of patients stuck in hospital “far higher than NHS data shows”’, The Guardian, 8 February 2017, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.theguardian.com/society/2017/feb/08/bed-blocking-three-times-worse-than-nhs-figures-show-study
  58. HM Treasury, Spring Budget 2017, The Stationery Office, 2017, p. 47.
  59. Department of Health, The Government’s Revised Mandate to NHS England for 2017–18, Department of Health, 2018, p. 20.
  60. Department of Health, Local Government Association, Department for Communities and Local Government and NHS England, Better Care Fund 2017–19: A guide to assurance of plans, Local Government Association, 2017, p. 13.
  61. National Audit Office, Adult Social Care at a Glance, National Audit Office, 2018, p. 10.
  62. Centre for Workforce Intelligence, Forecasting the Adult Social Care Workforce: A summary report of workforce intelligence, Centre for Workforce Intelligence, pp. 23–4.
  63. Webber D and Payne CS, ‘Home produced “adultcare” services’, in Office for National Statistics, Household Satellite Accounts, Office for National Statistics, 2016.
  64. Payne C and Vassilev G, ‘Household satellite account, UK: 2015 and 2016’, in Office for National Statistics, Household Satellite Accounts, Office for National Statistics, 2018.
  65. Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, ADASS Budget Survey 2018, Association of Directors of Adult Social Services, 2018, p. 20.
  66. NHS Digital, ‘Health Survey for England – health, social care and lifestyles’, NHS Digital, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/areas-of-interest/public-health/health-survey-for-england-health-social-care-and-lifestyles
  67. Ipsos MORI, Unmet Need for Care, Ipsos MORI, 2017, p. 63.

 

Children and young people

Children’s social care

  1. Social Care Institute for Excellence, ‘The legal and policy contexts’, Social Care Institute for Excellence, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.scie.org.uk/publications/introductionto/childrenssocialcare/legalandpolicycontexts.asp.
  2. Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, Local Authority Revenue Expenditure and Financing: 201819 budget, England, Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, 2018, p. 13.
  3. Department for Communities and Local Government, Cross-Whitehall Review of Statutory Duties: Q&A, Department for Communities and Local Government, 2011.
  4. Action for Children, National Children’s Bureau and The Children’s Society, Turning the Tide, Action for Children, National Children’s Bureau and The Children’s Society, 2017.
  5. Department for Education, Children’s Social Care Innovation Programme: How to get involved, Department for Education, 2016, p. 4.
  6. Department for Education, The Children’s Social Care Innovation Programme: Final evaluation report, Rees Centre for Research in Fostering and Education, 2017.
  7. Kelly E, Lee T, Sibieta L and Waters T, Public Spending on Children in England: 2000 to 2020, Children’s Commissioner, 2018, p. 34.
  8. Marshall L, Leach T and Cornick P, Children’s Services Omnibus: Wave 1 research report, NatCen Social Research, 2017, p. 17.
  9. Aldaba and the Early Intervention Centre, Children’s Services: Spending and delivery, Department for Education, 2016, p. 38.
  10. Department for Education, Children in Need of Help and Protection: Data analysis, Department for Education, 2018, p. 6.
  11. Department for Education, Children Looked After in England (Including Adoption), Year Ending 31 March 2017, Department for Education, 2017, p. 4.
  12. Thomas C, Care Crisis Review: Factors contributing to national increases in the numbers of looked after children and applications for care orders, Nuffield Foundation and Family Rights Group, 2018, p. 38
  13. Brooks C, Brocklehurst P and Ellis E, Research Report: Safeguarding pressures phase 5, Association of Directors of Children’s Services, 2016, p. 20.
  14. Aldaba and the Early Intervention Centre, Children’s Services: Spending and delivery, Department for Education, 2016, pp. 56–7.
  15. McDougall A, Eskioglou M, Geva O, Mills L, Neogi R, Perryman S and Tanner T, Children in Care, National Audit Office, 2014, p. 15.
  16. McDougall A, Arkell T, Mills L, Murthi A, Omole T, Perryman S, Power M and Reeve-Black H, Children in Need of Help or Protection, National Audit Office, 2016, p. 23.
  17. Association of Directors of Children’s Services, ADCS Position Paper: A country that works for all children, Association of Directors of Children’s Services, 2017, p. 1.
  18. Bywaters P, Bunting L, Davidson G, Hanratty J, Mason W, McCartan C and Steils N, The Relationship Between Poverty, Child Abuse and Neglect: An evidence review, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2016.
  19. Corlett A, Clarke S, D’Arcy C and Wood J, The Living Standards Audit 2018, Resolution Foundation, 2018, p. 45.
  20. Association of Directors of Children’s Services and No Recourse to Public Funds Network, Response to the Review of the National Health Service (Charges to Overseas Visitors) (Amendment) Regulations 2017, Association of Directors of Children’s Services, 2017, p. 1.
  21. The National Health Service (Charges to Overseas Visitors) (Amendment) Regulations 2017.
  22. Association of Directors of Children’s Services and No Recourse to Public Funds Network, Response to the Review of the National Health Service (Charges to Overseas Visitors) (Amendment) Regulations 2017, Association of Directors of Children’s Services, 2017, pp. 1–2.
  23. Department for Education, ‘Statistics: children’s social work workforce’, Department for Education, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/statistics-childrens-social-care-workforce.
  24. Holt A and Greenwood G, ‘Councils spend doubles on social workers hired from agencies’, BBC News, 1 November 2017, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-39659252.
  25. Education Funding Agency, Section 251 Financial Data Collection 2016 to 2017, Education Funding Agency, 2016.
  26. Department for Education, Children’s Homes Data Pack, Department for Education, 2014, pp. 30–6.
  27. Institute of Public Care, Financial Stability, Cost Charge and Value for Money in the Children’s Residential Care Market, Department for Education, 2015.
  28. HM Government, Working Together to Safeguard Children, HM Government, 2018, pp. 49–50.
  29. Citizens Advice Bureau, ‘Child abuse – child protection plans’, Citizens Advice Bureau, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.citizensadvice.org.uk/family/children-and-young-people/child-abuse/local-authority-involvement/child-abuse-child-protection-plans.
  30. Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service, ‘Public law data’, Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.cafcass.gov.uk/about-cafcass/research-and-data/public-law-data.
  31. Ofsted, ‘Children’s social care statistics’, Ofsted, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/childrens-social-care-statistics.
  32. Association of Directors of Children’s Services, ‘SIF outcomes summary’, Association of Directors of Children’s Services, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, http://adcs.org.uk/inspection/article/sif-outcomes-summary.
  33. Ofsted, ‘New single framework for inspecting local authority services’, press release, 25 September 2013.
  34. Department for Education, ‘Statistics: children in need and child protection’, Department for Education, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/statistics-children-in-need.
  35. Office for National Statistics, ‘Public service productivity estimates: total public service’, Office for National Statistics, 2018, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.ons.gov.uk/economy/economicoutputandproductivity/publicservicesproductivity/datasets/publicserviceproductivityestimatestotalpublicservice.
  36. Department for Education, Education Select Committee Memorandum: Social work reform, Department for Education, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/Education/Department-for-Education-memorandum-on-social-work-reform.pdf, p. 9.
  37. Children’s Commissioner, Stability Index: Overview and initial findings, Children’s Commissioner, 2017, p. 4.
  38. CommunityCare, ‘Revealed: social worker pay differences for agency, permanent and adults’ and children’s staff’, CommunityCare, 28 February 2018, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.communitycare.co.uk/2018/02/28/revealed-social-worker-pay-differences-agency-permanent-adults-childrens-staff.
  39. Department for Education, Experimental Statistics: Children and family social work workforce in England, year ending 30 September, Department for Education, 2018, p. 7.
  40. Wainwright D, ‘England children’s social worker posts almost 20% vacant’, BBC News, 20 April 2016, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-36026098.
  41. Turner A, ‘Caps on agency social worker pay “saving millions”, councils say’, CommunityCare, 1 February 2017, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.communitycare.co.uk/2017/02/01/caps-agency-social-worker-pay-saving-millions-councils-say.
  42. Brooks C, Brocklehurst P and Ellis E, Research Report: Safeguarding pressures phase 5, Association of Directors of Children’s Services, 2016, pp. 32, 44, 83.
  43. Ofsted, Common Weaknesses in Local Authorities Judged Inadequate Under the Single Inspection Framework – A Summary, Ofsted, 2015.
  44. McDougall A, Arkell T, Mills L, Murthi A, Omole T, Perryman S, Power M and Reeve-Black H, Children in Need of Help or Protection, National Audit Office, 2016, p. 28.
  45. Crenna-Jennings W, Vulnerable Children and Social Care in England: A review of the evidence, Education Policy Institute, 2018, p. 10.
  46. Carter J, Troncoso P, White R and Marques dos Santos M, Analysing Repeated Referrals to Children’s Services in England, Department for Education, 2017.
  47. Department for Education, Experimental Statistics: Children and family social work workforce in England, year ending 30 September, Department for Education, 2018, p. 7.
  48. McDougall A, Arkell T, Mills L, Murthi A, Omole T, Perryman S, Power M and Reeve-Black H, Children in Need of Help or Protection, National Audit Office, 2016, p. 28.
  49. Newson R, ‘Children must fall deeper into crisis before getting help, suggests survey of social workers’, National Children’s Bureau, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.ncb.org.uk/news-opinion/news-highlights/failure-invest-childrens-social-care-services-ignores-rising-demand-0.
  50. Brooks C, Brocklehurst P and Ellis E, Research Report: Safeguarding pressures phase 5, Association of Directors of Children’s Services, 2016, p. 19.
  51. North Yorkshire Safeguarding Children Board, ‘Child protection conferences’, North Yorkshire Safeguarding Children Board, no date, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.safeguardingchildren.co.uk/child-protection-conferences
  52. Murphie A, Burfitt A, Burkett M, King J, Lowe S, Neogi R, Paton C and Saffa S, Financial Sustainability of Local Authorities 2018, National Audit Office, 2018, p. 45.
  53. Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, ‘Local authority revenue expenditure and financing England: 2017 to 2018 individual local authority data – outturn’, Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, 2018, retrieved 14 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistics/local-authority-revenue-expenditure-and-financing-england-2017-to-2018-individual-local-authority-data-outturn.

 

Schools

  1. Department for Education, School Workforce Census, GOV.UK, 2017, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistics/school-workforce-in-england-november-2017, Table 17a.
  2. Hillary J, Andrade J and Worth J, Teacher Retention and Turnover Research: Research update 4: How do teachers compare to nurses and police officers?, National Foundation for Educational Research, 2018, www.nfer.ac.uk/media/2048/nufs05.pdf.
  3. Department for Education, School Workforce Census, GOV.UK, 2017, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistics/school-workforce-in-england- november-2017, Table 2b.
  4. Department for Education, Trends in School Spending: 2002–03 to 2016–17, GOV.UK, 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/737155/Trends_in_school_spending_2002_to_2016.pdf.
  5. Teachers’ Pension Scheme (England and Wales), Teachers’ Pension Scheme (England and Wales): Annual report and accounts for the year ending March 2017, HC122, The Stationery Office, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/629972/TPS_Annual_Report_and_Accounts_2016-17-.pdf, p. 4.
  6. Department for Education, School Workforce Census, GOV.UK, 2017, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistics/school-workforce-in-england-november-2017, Tables 14 and 15.
  7. McNamara O, Murray J and Phillips R, Policy and Research Evidence in the ‘Reform’ of Primary Initial Teacher Training in England, Cambridge Primary Review Trust, 2017, http://cprtrust.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/McNamara-report-170127.pdf, p. 14; Universities UK, The Impact of Initial Teacher Training Reforms on English Higher Educational Institutions, Universities UK, 2014, www.universitiesuk.ac.uk/policy-and-analysis/reports/Documents/2014/impact-of-itt-reforms-on-english-heis.pdf, p. 17.
  8. Department for Education, School Workforce Census, GOV.UK, 2017, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistics/school-workforce-in-england-november-2017, Table 8.
  9. Comptroller and Auditor General, Retaining and Developing the Teaching Workforce, Session 2017–19, HC 307, National Audit Office, 2017, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Retaining-and-developing-the-teaching-workforce.pdf, p. 24.
  10. Department for Education, PISA 2015: National report for England, GOV.UK, 2016, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/pisa-2015-national-report-for-england, Tables F1, F2 and F3.
  11. Department for Education, Permanent and Fixed-period Exclusions in England, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistics/permanent-and-fixed-period-exclusions-in-england-2016-to-2017, Table 1.
  12. Bamford S and Worth J, Teacher Retention and Turnover Research: Research update 3: Is the grass greener beyond teaching?, National Foundation for Educational Research, 2017, www.nfer.ac.uk/media/2047/nufs04.pdf, p. 3.
  13. Hillary J, Andrade J and Worth J, Teacher Retention and Turnover Research: Research update 4: How do teachers compare to nurses and police officers?, National Foundation for Educational Research, 2018, www.nfer.ac.uk/media/2048/nufs05.pdf, p. 3.
  14. Sibieta L, The Teacher Labour Market in England: Shortages, subject expertise and incentives, Education Policy Institute, 2018, https://epi.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/EPI-Teacher-Labour-Market_2018.pdf; Sims S, What Happens When you Pay Shortage-subject Teachers More Money?, Gatsby, 2017, www.gatsby.org.uk/uploads/education/datalab-simulating-the-effect-of-early-career-salary-supplements-on-teacher-supply-in-england.pdf.
  15. Hillary J, Andrade J and Worth J, Teacher Retention and Turnover Research: Research update 4: How do teachers compare to nurses and police officers?, National Foundation for Educational Research, 2018, www.nfer.ac.uk/media/2048/nufs05.pdf.
  16. Comptroller and Auditor General, Retaining and Developing the Teaching Workforce, National Audit Office, Session 2017–19, HC 307, 2017, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Retaining-and-developing-the-teaching-workforce.pdf, p. 20.
  17. Bamford S and Worth J, Teacher Retention and Turnover Research: Research update 3: Is the grass greener beyond teaching?, National Foundation for Educational Research, 2017, www.nfer.ac.uk/media/2047/nufs04.pdf, p. 3.
  18. Andrews J and Lawrence T, School Funding Pressures in England, Education Policy Institute, 2018, https://epi.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Schools-funding-pressures_EPI.pdf, pp. 21 and 24.
  19. Comptroller and Auditor General, Financial Stability of Schools, National Audit Office, Session 2016–17, HC 850, 2016, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Financial-sustainability-of-schools.pdf, p. 9.
  20. Ibid., p. 8.

 

Neighbourhood services

  1. Public Libraries and Museums Act 1964, S7(1), retrieved 13 September 2018, www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1964/75/section/7.
  2. Institute for Government, ‘Tax and devolution’, Institute for Government, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/explainers/tax-and-devolution.
  3. Department for Communities and Local Government, Local Authority Capital Expenditure and Receipts, England: 2012–13 final outturn, The Stationery Office, 2013; Department for Communities and Local Government, Local Authority Capital Expenditure and Receipts, England: 2016–17 final outturn, The Stationery Office, 2017.
  4. Barker G, Terry A, Payne T, Buckley T, Egan L and Ali A, Maintaining Strategic Infrastructure: Roads, National Audit Office, 2014, p. 6.
  5. Department for Transport, ‘Road conditions: contextual information (RDC03)’, Department for Transport, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/rdc03-roads-requiring-maintenance-and-road-lengths.
  6. Murphie A, Burfitt A, Burkett M, King J, Lowe S, Neogi R, Paton C and Saffa S, Financial Sustainability of Local Authorities 2018, National Audit Office, 2018, p. 32.
  7. Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, ‘Local authority revenue expenditure and financing’, Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/local-authority-revenue-expenditure-and-financing.
  8. Waste and Resources Action Programme, ‘Local Authority Waste and Recycling Information Portal’, Waste and Resources Action Programme, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, http://laportal.wrap.org.uk.
  9. Department for Communities and Local Government, Fair Funding Review: A review of relative needs and resources: Technical consultation on relative need, The Stationery Office, 2017, p. 24.
  10. Department for Transport, ‘Road traffic statistics’, Department for Transport, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/road-traffic-statistics.
  11. Food Standards Agency, ‘Local authorities’, Food Standards Agency, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.food.gov.uk/about-us/local-authorities.
  12. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, ‘Local authority collected waste management – annual results’, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistics/local-authority-collected-waste-management-annual-results.
  13. Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy, ‘CIPFA’s public library statistics’, Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.cipfastats.net/news/newsstory.asp?content=18060.
  14. Food Standards Agency, ‘Local authorities’, Food Standards Agency, no date, retrieved 26 September 2018, www.food.gov.uk/about-us/local-authorities.
  15. Nancarrow C, O’Brien I, Sydorak-Tomcyzk A, Battersby C, Baumann A, Burkett M, Cociu S and Karystinou M, Protecting Consumers from Scams, Unfair Trading and Unsafe Goods, National Audit Office, 2017, p. 35.
  16. Howes S and Tsavalos A, ‘Data collection – analysis of LAE1 2014/15 data from local authorities’, Health and Safety Executive, no date, www.hse.gov.uk/aboutus/meetings/committees/hela/201015/analysis-h19-01.pdf.
  17. Health and Safety Executive, ‘LA intervention and enforcement activity’, Health and Safety Executive, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.hse.gov.uk/lau/enforcement-lae1-returns.htm.
  18. Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, ‘Public libraries in England: basic dataset’, Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/public-libraries-in-england-basic-dataset.
  19. Food Standards Agency, Annual Report on UK Local Authority Food Law Enforcement 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2017, Food Standards Agency, 2017, p. 9.
  20. Food Standards Agency, ‘Local authorities’, Food Standards Agency, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.food.gov.uk/about-us/local-authorities.
  21. Health and Safety Executive, ‘LA intervention and enforcement activity’, Health and Safety Executive, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.hse.gov.uk/lau/enforcement-lae1-returns.htm; Howes S and Tsavalos A, ‘Data collection – analysis of LAE1 2014/15 data from local authorities’, Health and Safety Executive, no date, www.hse.gov.uk/aboutus/meetings/committees/hela/201015/analysis-h19-01.pdf.
  22. Department for Transport, Guidance on Road Classification and the Primary Route Network, The Stationery Office, 2012, p. 6.
  23. Local Government Association, ‘Polling on Resident Satisfaction with Councils’, Local Government Association, various years, Tables A11, A13 and A15.
  24. Rhodes A, ‘UK local authority food enforcement: 1 April 2009 to 31 March 2010’, Food Standards Agency, 2011, http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20171207203445/www.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/multimedia/pdfs/board/info110301.pdf, p. 6.
  25. Food Standards Agency, Annual report on UK local authority food law enforcement 1 April 2017 to 31 March 2018, Food Standards Agency, 2018, p. 24.
  26. Asphalt Industry Alliance, ‘Annual independent survey’, Asphalt Industry Alliance, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018.
  27. Murphie A, Burfitt A, Burkett M, King J, Lowe S, Neogi R, Paton C and Saffa S, Financial Sustainability of Local Authorities 2018, National Audit Office, 2018, pp. 40–2.
  28. Department for Communities and Local Government, Good Practice in Local Government Savings, The Stationery Office, 2014.
  29. Department for Communities and Local Government, Guidance on Weekly Rubbish Collections, The Stationery Office, 2014.
  30. Local Government Association, ‘Shared services’, Local Government Association, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.local.gov.uk/our-support/efficiency-and-income-generation/shared-services.
  31. Pyper D, McGuiness F and Brien P, Public Sector Pay, House of Commons Library, 2018, pp. 5 and 15.
  32. HM Treasury, ‘Guidance note: public sector pay and terms’, HM Treasury, 2016, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/public-sector-pay-and-terms-guidance-note/guidance-note-public-sector-pay-and-terms.
  33. Murphie A, Burfitt A, Burkett M, King J, Lowe S, Neogi R, Paton C and Saffa S, Financial Sustainability of Local Authorities 2018, National Audit Office, 2018, p. 64.
  34. Barker G, Terry A, Payne T, Buckley T, Egan L and Ali A, Maintaining Strategic Infrastructure: Roads, National Audit Office, 2014, p. 6.
  35. Rhodes A, ‘UK local authority food enforcement: 1 April 2009 to 31 March 2010’, Food Standards Agency, 2011, http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20171207203445/www.food.gov.uk/sites/default/files/multimedia/pdfs/board/info110301.pdf, p. 14.
  36. Food Standards Agency, Annual report on UK local authority food law enforcement 1 April 2017 to 31 March 2018, Food Standards Agency, 2018, p. 24
  37. Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy, English Local Authority Reserves, Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy, 2015.
  38. Murphie A, Burfitt A, Burkett M, King J, Lowe S, Neogi R, Paton C and Saffa S, Financial Sustainability of Local Authorities 2018, National Audit Office, 2018, pp. 59–60.
  39. BBC News, ‘Northamptonshire County Council bans spending again’, BBC News, 24 July 2018, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-northamptonshire-44937892.
  40. Cromarty H, Adult Social Care Funding (England), House of Commons Library, 2018; Sandford M, Council Tax: Local referendums, House of Commons Library, 2017.
  41. Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, ‘Core spending power: final local government finance settlement 2018 to 2019’, Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government, 2018, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/core-spending-power-final-local-government-finance-settlement-2018-to-2019.
  42. Lawrence T, The Essential Guide to Financial Sustainability, Local Government Information Unit, 2016, p. 22.
  43. Murphie A, Burfitt A, Burkett M, King J, Lowe S, Neogi R, Paton C and Saffa S, Financial Sustainability of Local Authorities 2018, National Audit Office, 2018, p. 50.

 

Law and order

The police

  1. Home Office, ‘Police financial reserves’, Home Office, various years, retrieved 20 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/police-financial-reserves.
  2. Comptroller and Auditor General, Financial Sustainability of Police Forces in England and Wales, Session 2017–19, HC 1501, National Audit Office, 2018, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Financial-sustainability-of-police-forces-in-England-and-Wales-2018.pdf, p. 25.
  3. Her Majesty’s Chief Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services, State of Policing 2017, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services, 2018, www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmicfrs/wp-content/uploads/state-of-policing-2017-double-page-1.pdf, p. 15.
  4. Office for National Statistics, ‘Crime in England and Wales: appendix tables’, Office for National Statistics, various years, retrieved 20 September 2018, https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/datasets/crimeinenglandandwalesappendixtables.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Ibid.
  7. Comptroller and Auditor General, Financial Sustainability of Police Forces in England and Wales, Session 2017–19, HC 1501, National Audit Office, 2018, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Financial-sustainability-of-police-forces-in-England-and-Wales-2018.pdf, p. 27.
  8. Office for National Statistics, ‘Crime in England and Wales: additional tables on and cybercrime’, Office for National Statistics, various years, retrieved 20 September 2018, www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/datasets/crimeinenglandandwalesexperimentaltables.
  9. Muir R, ‘What’s happening to crime? A guide for journalists and presidents’, The Police Foundation, 20 October 2017, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.police-foundation.org.uk/2017/10/whats-happening-to-crime-a-guide-for-journalists-and-presidents.
  10. House of Commons Home Affairs Committee, Oral Evidence: Policing for the future, House of Commons, 5 June 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/home-affairs-committee/policing-for-the-future/oral/84322.pdf; House of Commons Home Affairs Committee, Oral Evidence: Policing for the future, House of Commons, 19 June 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/home-affairs-committee/policing-for-the-future/oral/85656.html.
  11. BBC News, ‘Police calls for mental health issues up by a third’, BBC News, 29 August 2017, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-41083507.
  12. Office for National Statistics, ‘Crime in England and Wales: appendix tables’, Office for National Statistics, various years, retrieved 20 September 2018, www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/datasets/crimeinenglandandwalesappendixtables; UK Missing Persons Bureau, Missing Persons Data Report 2015/2016, National Crime Agency, 2017, retrieved 20 September 2018, http://nationalcrimeagency.gov.uk/publications/876-missing-persons-data-report-2015-2016-1/file, p. 7.
  13. Disney R and Simpson P, Police Workforce and Funding in England and Wales, Institute for Fiscal Studies, 2017, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.ifs.org.uk/publications/9224.
  14. Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services, PEEL: Police effectiveness 2017: A national overview, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services, 2018, www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmicfrs/wp-content/uploads/peel-police-effectiveness-2017-1.pdf, p. 28.
  15. Buchan L, ‘Graduates to become police detectives in 12 weeks in bid to tackle major shortage’, The Independent, 10 June 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www. independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/home-office-detectives-major-shortage-national-crisis-hmic-nick-hurd-a8392391.html.
  16. Grierson J, ‘Wanted: London detectives – no policing experience necessary’, The Guardian, 31 May 2017, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/may/31/wanted-london-detectives-no-experience-necessary.
  17. Boag-Munroe F, PFEW Pay and Morale Survey 2016, Police Federation, 2016, http://polfed.org/documents/Pay_Survey_Headline_Statistics_2016.pdf, pp. 4–5; Boag- Munroe F, PFEW Pay and Morale Survey 2018, Police Federation, 2018, www.polfed.org/documents/Pay%20Survey%20Headline%20Statistics%202018.pdf, pp. 11–12.
  18. Home Office, ‘Statistics on the number of police officers assaulted in 2017/18, England and Wales’, Home Office, 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/726403/hosb1118-assaults.pdf.
  19. Office for National Statistics, Crime in England and Wales: appendix tables’, Office for National Statistics, various years, retrieved 20 September 2018, www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/datasets/crimeinenglandandwalesappendixtables.
  20. Comptroller and Auditor General, Financial Sustainability of Police Forces in England and Wales, Session 2017–19, HC 1501, National Audit Office, 2018, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Financial-sustainability-of-police-forces-in-England- and-Wales-2018.pdf, p. 27.
  21. Ibid., p. 28.
  22. BBC News, ‘“Not practical” for Met Police to investigate all crime’, BBC News, 16 October 2017, retrieved September 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-41633205.
  23. Hamilton F, ‘Met is giving up on non-serious crime’, The Times, 2 January 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.thetimes.co.uk/article/met-is-giving-up-on-non-serious-crime-67p5gnrhv.
  24. Williams M, ‘Police “screen out” nearly a third of crimes, with no further investigation’, Channel 4 FactCheck, 17 October 2017, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.channel4.com/news/factcheck/police-screen-out-a-third-of-crimes-with-no-further-investigation.
  25. Home Office, ‘Crime outcomes in England and Wales statistics’, Home Office, various years, retrieved 20 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/crime-outcomes-in-england-and-wales-statistics.
  26. HMICFRS, ‘Annual, all-force inspections (PEEL assessments)’, HMICFRS, retrieved 21 September 2018, https://www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmicfrs/our-work/article/peel-assessments/.
  27. Her Majesty’s Chief Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services, State of Policing 2017, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services, 2018, www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmicfrs/wp-content/uploads/state-of-policing-2017-double-page-1.pdf, pp. 48 and 51.
  28. Office for National Statistics, ‘Crime in England and Wales: annual supplementary tables’, Office for National Statistics, various years, retrieved 20 September 2018, www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/datasets/crimeinenglandandwalesannualsupplementarytables.
  29. Clemence M, ‘Issues Index: concern about crime reaches a seven year high’, Ipsos MORI, 4 May 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.ipsos.com/ipsos-mori/en-uk/issues-index-concern-about-crime-reaches-seven-year-high.
  30. Home Office, ‘Police to receive 2% pay increase in 2018 to 2019’, Home Office, 24 July 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/news/police-to-receive-2-pay-increase-in-2018-19.
  31. BBC News, ‘Police pay review calls for end to special payments’, BBC News, 8 March 2011, retrieved 12 September 2011, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-12672329; Home Office, Independent Review of Police Officer and Staff Remuneration and Conditions: Update on recommendations, Home Office, 2015, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/417733/2015_03_26_-_Winsor_-_Table_of_progress.pdf, p. 15.
  32. Grierson J, ‘Police taking days to respond to 999 calls as budget cuts bites’, The Guardian, 22 March 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/mar/22/police-taking-days-to-respond-to-999-calls-as-budget-cuts-bite.
  33. Dilley S and Greenwood G, ‘Abandoned 999 calls to police more than double’, BBC News, 19 September 2017, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-41173745.
  34. Comptroller and Auditor General, Financial Sustainability of Police Forces in England and Wales, Session 2017–19, HC 1501, National Audit Office, 2018, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Financial-sustainability-of-police-forces-in-England-and-Wales-2018.pdf, p. 28.
  35. Office for National Statistics, ‘Crime in England and Wales: year ending March 2018’, Office for National Statistics, 19 July 2018, retrieved 21 September 2018, https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/bulletins/crimeinenglandandwales/yearendingmarch2018.
  36. Dodd V, ‘Police cuts “likely contributed” to rise in violent crime, leaked report reveals’,The Guardian, 9 April 2018, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/apr/08/police-cuts-likely-contributed-to-rise-in-violent-leaked-report-reveals.
  37. Office for National Statistics, ‘Crime in England and Wales: appendix tables’, Office for National Statistics, various years, retrieved 20 September 2018, www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/datasets/crimeinenglandandwalesappendixtables.
  38. House of Commons Home Affairs Committee, Reform of the Police Funding Formula, House of Commons, 2015, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmselect/cmhaff/476/476.pdf, p. 24.
  39. Comptroller and Auditor General, Financial Sustainability of Police Forces in England and Wales, Session 2017–19, HC 1501, National Audit Office, 2018, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Financial-sustainability-of-police-forces-in-England-and-Wales-2018.pdf, p. 34.

 

Criminal courts

  1. HM Courts and Tribunals Service, Annual Report and Accounts 2017–18, HM Courts and Tribunals Service, 2018
  2. Ibid., p. 96.
  3. Rozenberg J, ‘The reform projects’, in The Online Court: Will IT work?, The Legal Education Foundation, 2018, retrieved 11 September 2018, https://long-reads.thelegaleducationfoundation.org/the-reform-projects.
  4. House of Commons Committee of Public Accounts, Transforming Courts and Tribunals, HC 976, House of Commons, 2018, p. 3.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Etherton T Sir, ‘The civil court of the future: the Lord Slynn Memorial Lecture’, 14 June 2017, www.judiciary.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/slynn-lecture-mr-civil-court-of-the-future-20170615.pdf.
  7. Ryder E Sir, ‘The modernisation of access to justice in times of austerity’, 5th Annual Ryder Lecture, 3 March 2016, www.judiciary.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/20160303-ryder-lecture2.pdf.
  8. Infrastructure and Projects Authority, Annual Report on Major Projects 2017–18, Infrastructure and Projects Authority, 2018, p. 25.
  9. Comptroller and Auditor General, Early Progress in Transforming Courts and Tribunals, Session 2017–19, HC 1001, National Audit Office, p. 6.
  10. House of Commons Committee of Public Accounts, Transforming Courts and Tribunals, HC 976, House of Commons, 2018, p. 3.
  11. Criminal Bar Association, ‘Justice Committee – CBA briefing notes on AGFS’, Criminal Bar Association, 3 September 2018, www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/Justice/correspondence/Criminal-Bar-Association-note-AGFS.pdf; Gibbs P, Defendants on Video – Conveyor Belt Justice or a Revolution in Access?, Transform Justice, 2017, www.transformjustice.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Disconnected-Thumbnail-2.pdf; Russell J, ‘Underfunding turns justice into a lottery’, The Times, 5 July 2018, retrieved 21 September 2018, www.thetimes.co.uk/article/underfunding-turns-justice-into-a-lottery-mg0qrqhrs.
  12. Ministry of Justice, ‘Criminal court statistics: January to March’, Table C1, Ministry of Justice.
  13. Leveson B, Review of Efficiency in Criminal Proceedings, Judiciary of England and Wales, 2015, www.judiciary.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/review-of-efficiency-in-criminal-proceedings-20151.pdf.
  14. Sentencing Council, ‘Sentencing Council issues definitive allocation guideline’, news release, 10 December 2015, retrieved 21 September 2018, www.sentencingcouncil.org.uk/news/item/sentencing-council-issues-definitive-allocation-guideline.
  15. Ibid.
  16. Comptroller and Auditor General, Efficiency in the Criminal Justice System, Session 2015–16, HC 852, National Audit Office, 2016, p. 12, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Efficiency-in-the-criminal-justice-system.pdf.
  17. Judiciary of England and Wales, The Lord Chief Justice’s Report 2017, Judiciary of England and Wales, 2017, www.judiciary.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/lcj-report-2017-final.pdf, p. 17.
  18. Ministry of Justice, ‘Criminal court statistics: January to March 2018’, Table T6, Ministry of Justice.
  19. Comptroller and Auditor General, Efficiency in the Criminal Justice System, Session 2015–16, HC 852, National Audit Office, 2016, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Efficiency-in-the-criminal-justice-system.pdf, p. 12.
  20. Ministry of Justice, Transforming Legal Aid: Delivering a more credible and efficient system, Ministry of Justice, 2018, https://consult.justice.gov.uk/digital-communications/transforming-legal-aid/supporting_documents/transforminglegalaid.pdf.
  21. Morley C, letter to Magistrate magazine, January 2016, cited in Transform Justice, Justice Denied? The experience of unrepresented defendants in the criminal courts, Transform Justice, 2016, www.transformjustice.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/TJ-APRIL_Singles.pdf.
  22. House of Commons Committee of Public Accounts, Efficiency in the Criminal Justice System: First report of session 2016–17, HC 72, appendix, The Stationery Office, 2016, p. 15.
  23. HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate, Business as Usual? Transforming summary justice follow-up report, HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate, 2017, p. 30.
  24. Ibid., p. 3.
  25. Ibid., p. 4.
  26. Ibid., p. 54.
  27. HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate, Transforming Summary Justice: An early perspective of the CPS contribution, HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate, 2016, p. 45.
  28. HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate, Business as Usual? Transforming summary justice follow-up report, HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate, 2017, p. 53.
  29. Office for National Statistics, Annual Civil Service Employment Survey, Office for National Statistics, 2018, retrieved 21 September 2018, www.ons.gov.uk/releases/civilservicestatistics2018.
  30. Courts and Tribunals Judiciary, Judicial Ways of Working – 2022: Crime, Courts and Tribunals Judiciary, 2018, www.transformjustice.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/jwow-2022-crime.pdf.
  31. Ministry of Justice, Senior Salaries Review Body – Judiciary: Supplementary evidence on judicial workload, Ministry of Justice, 2018, www.assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/ government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/706244/ssrb-caseload-support-staff.pdf, p. 6.
  32. HM Courts and Tribunals Service, Annual Report and Accounts 2017–18, HM Courts and Tribunals Service, 2018, p. 91.
  33. Civil Service, ‘Civil service people surveys’, Civil Service, 2011 to 2018, retrieved 21 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/civil-service-people-surveys.
  34. Comptroller and Auditor General, Efficiency in the Criminal Justice System, Session 2015–16, HC 852, National Audit Office, 2016, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Efficiency-in-the-criminal-justice-system.pdf, p. 10.
  35. Courts and Tribunals Judiciary, ‘Magistrates in post 2010’, Courts and Tribunals Judiciary, 2011, retrieved 21 September 2018, www.judiciary.uk/publications/magistrates-in-post-2010.
  36. Ministry of Justice, ‘Judicial diversity statistics 2018’, Ministry of Justice, 2018, retrieved 21 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistics/judicial-diversity-statistics-2018.
  37. Ministry of Justice, ‘Royal Courts of Justice’, Annual Tables 2017, Table 5.2, Ministry of Justice, retrieved 21 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistics/civil-justice-statistics-quarterly-january-to-march-2018.
  38. Ministry of Justice, Senior Salaries Review Body: Judiciary: Annual written evidence, Ministry of Justice, 2015, p. 21, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/492029/senior-salaries-review-report-2016-2017.pdf.
  39. Ministry of Justice, Senior Salaries Review Body: Judiciary: Written evidence for the annual and major review, Ministry of Justice, 2018, www.assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/698744/senior-salaries-review-body-evidence-pack.pdf, p. 48.
  40. Review Body on Senior Salaries, Thirty-ninth Annual Report on Senior Salaries, Report No. 87, Review Body on Senior Salaries, 2017, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/629679/SSRB_2017_report_Print.pdf, p. 91.
  41. Ministry of Justice, Senior Salaries Review Body: Judiciary: Written evidence for the annual and major review, Ministry of Justice, 2018, www.assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/698744/senior-salaries-review-body-evidence-pack.pdf, p. 48.
  42. Review Body on Senior Salaries, Thirty-Ninth Annual Report on Senior Salaries 2017, Report No. 87, Cm 9455, Review Body on Senior Salaries, 2017, pp. 91–2.
  43. Ibid., p. 50.
  44. Thomas C, 2016 UK Judicial Attitudes Survey, UCL Judicial Institute, 2017, www.judiciary.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/jas-2016-england-wales-court-uk-tribunals-7-february-2017.pdf.
  45. HM Courts and Tribunals Service, Annual Report and Accounts 2013–14, HM Courts and Tribunals Service, 2014, p. 11.
  46. Ministry of Justice, Fit for the Future: Transforming the court and tribunal estate, Ministry of Justice, 2018, https://consult.justice.gov.uk/digital-communications/transforming-court-tribunal-state/supporting_documents/hmctsstrategyapproachconsultation.pdf, p. 12.
  47. House of Commons, Court and Tribunal Closures (CBP 7346), House of Commons Library, 2016, retrieved 21 September 2018, https://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-7346, p. 3.
  48. Ibid., p. 4.
  49. Legal Aid Agency, ‘Crime news: better case management rollout and new guidance’, Legal Aid Agency, 1 October 2015, retrieved 21 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/news/crime-news-better-case-management-rollout-and-new-guidance.
  50. Comptroller and Auditor General, Efficiency in the Criminal Justice System, Session 2015–16, HC 852, National Audit Office, 2016, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Efficiency-in-the-criminal-justice-system.pdf, p. 12.
  51. Ministry of Justice, ‘Criminal court statistics: January to March 2018’, Table AC2, Ministry of Justice.
  52. Comptroller and Auditor General, Efficiency in the Criminal Justice System, Session 2015–16, HC 852, National Audit Office, 2016, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/Efficiency-in-the-criminal-justice-system.pdf, p. 17.
  53. Ministry of Justice, ‘Criminal court statistics: January to March 2018’, Table AC3, Ministry of Justice.
  54. House of Commons Committee of Public Accounts, Efficiency in the Criminal Justice System: First report of session 2016–17, HC 72, appendix, The Stationery Office, 2016, p. 21.
  55. The Secret Barrister, Stories of the Law and How it’s Broken, Macmillan, 2018, p. 80.
  56. Simson Caird J, Court and Tribunal Closures: Briefing paper, CBP 7346, House of Commons Library, 2016, retrieved 21 September 2018, researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-7346.
  57. Papworth A, ‘Non-appearances at courts rise in areas of magistrates’ closures, report finds’, East Anglian Daily Times, 17 July 2018, retrieved 21 September 2018, www.eadt.co.uk/news/non-appearances-rise-suffolk-courts-magistrates-closures-15610128.
  58. Gibbs P, Defendants on Video – Conveyor Belt Justice or a Revolution in Access?, Transform Justice, 2017, www.transformjustice.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Disconnected-Thumbnail-2.pdf.
  59. Transform Justice, Justice Denied? The experience of unrepresented defendants in the criminal courts, Transform Justice, 2016, www.transformjustice.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/TJ-APRIL_Singles.pdf.
  60. Holden R, ‘Months of hell, 15 minutes for my name to be cleared of sexual assault’, The Times, 8 July 2018, retrieved 21 September 2018, www.thetimes.co.uk/article/richard-holden-months-of-hell-15-minutes-for-my-name-to-be-cleared-of-sexual-assault-35lpssb6l.
  61. Hunter G, Jacobson J and Kirby A, Judicial Perceptions of the Quality of Criminal Advocacy, Solicitors Regulation Authority, 2018, www.sra.org.uk/sra/how-we-work/reports/criminal-advocacy.page.
  62. HM Courts and Tribunals Service, HM Courts & Tribunals Service: Citizen user experience research, Ministry of Justice, 2018, retrieved 21 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/hmcts-citizen-user-experience-research.
  63. Right Hon. Lord Thomas of Cwmgiedd Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, ‘Reshaping justice’, speech at the organisation ‘Justice’, 3 March 2014, www.judiciary.uk/wp-content/uploads/JCO/Documents/Speeches/lcj-speech-reshaping-justice.pdf.
  64. Rozenberg J, ‘The reform projects’, in The Online Court: Will IT work?, The Legal Education Foundation, 2018, retrieved 11 September 2018, https://long-reads.thelegaleducationfoundation.org/the-reform-projects.
  65. Ministry of Justice, ‘Criminal court statistics: January to March 2018’, Table T3, Ministry of Justice.

 

Prisons

  1. HM Treasury, Autumn Statement 2016, Cm 9362, The Stationery Office, 2016, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/571559/autumn_statement_2016_web.pdf
  2. For further information see Ministry of Justice, Guide to Offender Management Statistics, GOV.UK, 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/729212/guide-to-offender-management-statistics.pdf
  3. Ministry of Justice, ‘Youth custody data’, Table 2.4, Ministry of Justice, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistics/youth-custody-data.
  4. Youth Justice Board and Ministry of Justice, Youth Justice Statistics 2016/17: England and Wales, GOV.UK, 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/676072/youth_justice_statistics_2016-17.pdf
  5. Ministry of Justice, ‘Offender management statistics quarterly’, Table 1.3, Ministry of Justice, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/offender-management-statistics-quarterly
  6. Comptroller and Auditor General, Mental Health in Prisons, Session 2017–19, HC 42, National Audit Office, 2017, www.gov.uk/government/collections/offender-management-statistics-quarterly, p. 22.
  7. Full Fact, ‘One in four? How many people suffer from a mental health problem?’, Full Fact, 11 August 2017, retrieved 12 September 2018, https://fullfact.org/health/one-in-four-people-suffer-mental-health-problem/
  8. Prisons and Probations Ombudsman, ‘New psychoactive substances play a part in yet more prison deaths, says Ombudsman’, press release, 23 September 2016, www.ppo.gov.uk/app/uploads/2016/09/PPO-amends-NPS-prison-death-figure-news-release.pdf
  9. Ministry of Justice, HMPPS Annual Digest 2017/2018, Ministry of Justice, 2018, www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/729461/annual-hmpps-digest-2017-18-bulletin.pdf.
  10. Ministry of Justice, ‘Prison cost per place and cost per prisoner: supplementary information’, Table 2, supplementary data, Ministry of Justice, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/prison-and-probation-trusts-performance-statistics
  11. Ministry of Justice, ‘Her Majesty’s prison and probation workforce quarterly’, Table 8a, Ministry of Justice, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/national-offender-management-service-workforce-statistics
  12. Ibid., Table 4.
  13. Prison Service Pay Review Body, Prison Service Pay Review Body: Seventeenth report on England and Wales 2018, Cm 9676, The Stationery Office, 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/728364/CCS207_CCS0618944474-00_Prison_Service_Accessible_Web.pdf, p. xiii.
  14. Ministry of Justice, ‘Her Majesty’s prison and probation workforce quarterly’, Table 3, Ministry of Justice, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/national-offender-management-service-workforce-statistics
  15. Ministry of Justice, ‘Annual HM Prison and Probation Service digest’, Chapter 1 tables, Ministry of Justice, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/prison-and-probation-trusts-performance-statistics
  16. Grayling C, ‘Rehabilitation revolution: the next steps’, speech, 20 November 2012, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/speeches/rehabilitation-revolution-the-next-steps. See also current Secretary of State David Gauke’s March 2018 speech, and piece in the Huffington Post, reiterating his commitment to rehabilitation: Gauke D, ‘Prisons reform speech’, speech at the Royal Society of Arts, 6 March 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/speeches/prisons-reform-speech; Gauke D, ‘Channel 4’s “prison” reminds us of the importance of rehabilitation’, blog, Huffpost, 20 July 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/prison-channel-4_uk_5b51b535e4b0de86f48be4d2.
  17. Ministry of Justice, Safety in Custody Quarterly: Update to March 2018: Annex A: Detailed analysis of underreporting, GOV.UK, 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/729049/annex-a-safety-in-custody-2018-Q1.pdf
  18. HM Chief Inspector of Prisons for England and Wales, Annual Report 2016–17, HC 208, The Stationery Office, 2017, www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmiprisons/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2017/07/HMIP-AR_2016-17_CONTENT_11-07-17-WEB.pdf, p. 26.
  19. McGuire J, Understanding Prison Violence: A rapid evidence assessment, HM Prison and Probation Service, 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/737956/understanding-prison-violence.pdf
  20. Ministry of Justice, ‘Safety in custody quarterly – deaths in prison custody’, Ministry of Justice, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/safety-in-custody-statistics
  21. HM Chief Inspector of Prisons for England and Wales, Annual Report 2016–17, HC 208, The Stationery Office, 2017, pp. 8 and 38.
  22. HM Chief Inspector of Prisons for England and Wales, Annual Report 2017–18, HC 1245, The Stationery Office, 2018, www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmiprisons/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2018/07/6.4472_HMI-Prisons_AR-2017-18_Content_A4_Final_WEB.pdf, p. 8.
  23. Ministry of Justice, ‘Annual HM Prison and Probation Service digest’, Chapter 6 tables, Ministry of Justice, retrieved 12 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/collections/prison-and-probation-trusts-performance-statistics
  24. For a full explanation, see Thornton D, Pearson J and Andrews E, Managing with Less: The 2015 Spending Review, Institute for Government, November 2015, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/managing-with-less
  25. Comptroller and Auditor General, Investigation into the Government’s Handling of the Collapse of Carillion, Session 2017–19, HC 1002, National Audit Office, 2018, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Investigation-into-the-governments-handling-of-the-collapse-of-Carillion.pdf; House of Commons Justice Committee, Oral Evidence: Prison population 2022: Planning for the future: HC 483, The Stationery Office, 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/justice-committee/prison-population-2022/oral/86114.pdf
  26. HM Treasury, Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015, Cm 9162, The Stationery Office, 2015, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/479749/52229_Blue_Book_PU1865_Web_Accessible.pdf, p. 69.
  27. Stead J, ‘How we’re saving money and supporting prisoners’, blog, MoJ Digital & Technology, 19 January 2018, retrieved 12 September 2018, https://mojdigital.blog.gov.uk/2018/01/19/new-digital-service-from-ministry-of-justice-saves-money-and-supports-prisoners
  28. HM Chief Inspector of Prisons, Report on an Unannounced Inspection of HMP Wayland, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons, 2017, www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmiprisons/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2017/10/Wayland-Web-2017-1.pdf, p. 29; National Offender Management Service, Annual Report and Accounts 2016–17, HC 198, The Stationery Office, 2017, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/630533/6.3329_NOMS_AR_180717_19_July_web.pdf, p. 32.
  29. Ministry of Justice, Story of the Prison Population: 1993 – 2016 England and Wales, Ministry of Justice, 2016, retrieved 12 September 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/541667/prison-population-story-1993-2016.pdf

 

Concern ratings

  1. Comptroller and Auditor General, Improving Patient Access to General Practice, Session 2016–17, HC 913, National Audit Office, 2017, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Improving-patient-access-general-practice.pdf, p. 22.
  2. NHS England, General Practice Forward View, NHS England, 2016, www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/gpfv.pdf
  3. Curry N, ‘Transforming and sustaining change: what’s the role of general practice?’, blog, Nuffield Trust, 19 October 2017, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/news-item/transforming-and-sustaining-change-what-s-the-role-of-general-practice#influencing-change
  4. Competition and Markets Authority, Care Homes Market Study, Competition and Markets Authority, 2017, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/5a1fdf30e5274a750b82533a/care-homes-market-study-final-report.pdf, p. 15.
  5. Ibid., p. 42.
  6. Comptroller and Auditor General, Health and Social Care Integration, Session 2016–17, HC 1011, National Audit Office, 2017, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Health-and-social-care-integration.pdf, p. 8.
  7. Jarrett T, Social Care: Forthcoming green paper on older people and parallel programme (England), House of Commons Library, 2018, retrieved 13 September 2018, https://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-8002
  8. Department for Education, Putting Children First: Delivering our vision for excellent children’s social care, Department for Education, 2016, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/554573/Putting_children_first_delivering_vision_excellent_childrens_social_care.pdf
  9. Sebba J, Luke L, McNeish D and Rees A, Children’s Social Care Innovation Programme: Final evaluation report, Department for Education, 2017, https://innovationcsc.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/CSCIP_Final_evaluation_report.pdf
  10. What Works Centre for Children’s Social Care, ‘Research topics’, What Works Centre for Children’s Social Care, no date, retrieved 13 September 2018, https://whatworks-csc.org.uk/evidence/research-topics
  11. Department for Education, Supporting Excellent School Resource Management, Department for Education, 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/737025/school_resource_management_strategy_August_2018.pdf
  12. Comptroller and Auditor General, Financial Sustainability of Police Forces in England and Wales, Session 2015–16, HC 78, National Audit Office, 2015, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Financial-sustainability-of-police-forces.pdf, pp. 22, 25.
  13. Home Office, ‘Home Office awards over £100 million to Police Transformation Projects’, GOV.UK, 1 August 2018, retrieved 24 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/news/home-office-awards-over-100-million-to-police-transformation-projects
  14. Infrastructure and Projects Authority, ‘HO government major projects portfolio data, September 2017’, Infrastructure and Projects Authority, 2018, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/ho-government-major-projects-portfolio-data-2018
  15. Home Office, ‘Government to launch national detective training programme’, press release, 11 June 2018, retrieved 22 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/news/government-to-launch-national-detective-training-programme
  16. Comptroller and Auditor General, Early Progress in Transforming Courts and Tribunals, Session 2017–19, HC 1001, National Audit Office, 2018, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Early-progess-in-transforming-courts-and-tribunals.pdf, p. 5.
  17. HM Courts and Tribunals Service, Reform Update, HM Courts and Tribunals Service, 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/717789/HMCTS_Reform_Update_19May2018.pdf, Home Office, Police Funding for England & Wales, 2015–2019, Home Office, 2018, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/725767/police-funding-england-and-wales-2015-to-2019-hosb1318.pdf
  18. Comptroller and Auditor General, Early Progress in Transforming Courts and Tribunals, Session 2017–19, HC 1001, National Audit Office, 2018, www.nao.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Early-progess-in-transforming-courts-and-tribunals.pdf, p. 8.
  19. Infrastructure and Projects Authority, ‘MoJ government major projects portfolio data, September 2017’, Infrastructure and Projects Authority, 2018, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/moj-government-major-projects-portfolio-data-2018
  20. Ministry of Justice, Prison Population Projections, 2018 to 2023, Ministry of Justice, 23 August 2018, retrieved 24 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/statistics/prison-population-projections-ns
  21. BBC News, ‘Prisons minister Rory Stewart: I’ll resign if drugs and violence don’t go down’, BBC News, 17 August 2018, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-45214414
  22. Infrastructure and Projects Authority, ‘MoJ government major projects portfolio data, September 2017’, Infrastructure and Projects Authority, 2018, retrieved 13 September 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/moj-government-major-projects-portfolio-data-2018
  23. HM Treasury, Budget 2010, HC 61, The Stationery Office, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/248096/0061.pdf, p. 7.
  24. Office for Budget Responsibility, Fiscal Sustainability Report, Office for Budget Responsibility, 2018, http://cdn.obr.uk/FSR-July-2018-1.pdf