List of abbreviations

Abbreviation                           Description

A&E                                   Accident and emergency

ADASS                              Association of Directors of Adult Social Services

ADCS                                Association of Directors of Children’s Services

ADL                                   Activity of daily living

BSA                                   British Social Attitudes

CCTV                                 Closed-circuit television

CERP                                Court Estate Reform Programme

CMA                                  Competition and Markets Authority

CPS                                   Crown Prosecution Service

CQC                                  Care Quality Commission

CSEW                               Crime Survey for England and Wales

ERP                                   Estates Reform Project

EU                                     European Union

FTE                                   Full-time equivalent

GCSE                               General Certificate of Secondary Education

GdP                                  Gross Domestic Product

GP                                    General practitioner

HMCPSI                           Her Majesty’s Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate

HMCTS                            Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service

HMICFRS                         Her Majesty’s Inspector of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services

HMIP                                Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons

HMPPS                            Her Majesty’s Prison and Probation Service

JAC                                  Judicial Appointments Commission

MoJ                                 Ministry of Justice

MRSA                              Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

PEEL                               Police effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy

PFI                                  Private Finance Initiative

PISA                                Programme for International Student Assessment

QoF                                 Quality and Outcomes Framework

SHMi                               Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator

UK                                   United Kingdom

UKHCA                           United Kingdom Homecare Association