References

Chapter 1: Time

  1. Lilly A, ‘Who should control the parliamentary timetable?’, blog, Institute for Government, 29 January 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/who-should-control-parliamentary-timetable
  2. Standing Order 14(1), House of Commons, Standing Orders, Public Business 2018, 1 May 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmstords/1020/so_1020_180501.pdf
  3. Cowie G and Samra S, ‘Taking control of the order paper’, House of Commons Library, 26 June 2019, https://commonslibrary.parliament.uk/parliament-and-elections/parliament/taking-control-of-the-order-paper
  4. Cowie G, House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 5) Bill 2017–19, 2 April 2019, https://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-8541
  5. House of Commons Order Papers, www.parliament.uk/business/publications/business-papers/commons/agenda-and-order-of-business/#session=29&year=2019&month=6&day=25
  6. Thimont Jack M, Owen J, White H, Voting on Brexit: Parliament’s role before 31 October, Institute for Government, 11 August 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/parliament-role-before-31-october-brexit

 

Chapter 2: Cost

  1. Members: Security: Written question - 55828, www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Commons/2016-12-01/55828
  2. Oral evidence to the Speaker’s Committee for the Parliamentary Standards Authority, 23 January 2019, www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/SpeakersIPSA/SCIPSA-23.01.19-oral-evidence-transcript.pdf
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid.
  5. D. Sabbagh and R. Syal, ‘Abuse of MPs hitting unprecedented levels, says Met police chief,’ The Guardian, 9 May 2019, www.theguardian.com/society/2019/may/08/abuse-of-mps-hitting-unprecedented-levels-says-met-police-chief
  6. Oral evidence to the Joint Committee on Human Rights, 8 May 2019, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/human-rights-committee/democracy-free-speech-and-freedom-of-association/oral/101929.pdf
  7. Ibid.
  8. L. Manning and P. Kemp, ‘MPs describe threats, abuse and safety fears,’ BBC News, 6 August 2019, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-49247808
  9. ‘UK white supremacist jailed for plot to kill female MP,’ Reuters, 17 May 2019, https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-britain-politics-plot/uk-white-supremacist-jailed-for-plot-to-kill-female-mp-idUKKCN1SN1F6
  10. Oral evidence to the Joint Committee on Human Rights, 8 May 2019, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/human-rights-committee/democracy-free-speech-and-freedom-of-association/oral/101929.pdf
  11. ‘Death threats every single day’: MPs on effect of Brexit vote,’ The Guardian, 5 March 2019, www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/mar/05/death-threats-every-single-day-mps-on-effect-of-brexit-vote
  12. Committee on Standards in Public Life, p. 13.

 

Chapter 3: Primary legislation

  1. Government Public Bills before Parliament 2017–19, retrieved on 15 August 2019, https://services.parliament.uk/Bills/government.html?group=house
  2. Data Protection Act 2018, www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2018/12/contents/enacted/data.htm
  3. Smart Meters Act 2018, www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2018/14/contents/enacted
  4. Wild Animals in Circuses Act 2019, www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2019/24/contents/enacted/data.htm
  5. Confidence and Supply Agreement between the Conservative and Unionist Party and the Democratic Unionist Party, June 2017, www.gov.uk/government/publications/conservative-and-dup-agreement-and-uk-government-financial-support-for-northern-ireland/agreement-between-the-conservative-and-unionist-party-and-the-democratic-unionist-party-on-support-for-the-government-in-parliament
  6. Welfare Reform Act 2012 , www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2012/5/contents/enacted
  7. Health and Social Care 2012, www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2012/7/contents/enacted
  8. Haddon C, ‘The (Not So) Fixed-term Parliaments Act’, blog, Institute for Government, 14 April 2015, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/not-so-fixed-term-parliaments-act
  9. Fast-tracked legislation explainer, Institute for Government, 8 April 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/explainers/fast-tracked-legislation
  10. Walker S, ‘Northern Ireland budgets: MPs criticize Karen Bradley’, BBC News, 5 March 2019, retrieved 27 August 2019, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-47462764
  11. Lloyd L, The Brexit Effect, Institute for Government, 29 March 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/sites/default/files/publications/brexit-snapshot-final-web-vd_0.pdf
  12. EU Withdrawal Act, Institute for Government, 7 November 2018, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/explainers/eu-withdrawal-act
  13. Parliamentary progress of legislation introduced to implement Brexit chart, Institute for Government, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/charts/parliamentary-progress-legislation-introduced-implement-brexit
  14. Proroguing Parliament, Institute for Government, 18 July 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/explainers/proroguing-parliament
  15. Parliamentary Buildings (Restoration and Renewal) Bill, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/bills/lbill/2017-2019/0187/18187en.pdf
  16. Divorce, Dissolution and Separation Bill, https://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-8594
  17. Domestic Abuse Bill, Explanatory notes, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/bills/cbill/2017-2019/0422/en/19422en.pdf
  18. Institute for Government, ‘Fast-tracked legislation’, explainer, 8 April 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/explainers/fast-tracked-legislation
  19. Byrne G, ‘Legislation rushed through with little scrutiny’, blog, Institute for Government, 4 May 2017, retrieved on 21 August 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/legislation-rushed-through-little-scrutiny

 

Chapter 4: Secondary legislation

  1. Institute for Government, ‘EU Withdrawal Act’, explainer, 7 November 2018, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/explainers/eu-withdrawal-act
  2. House of Lords Constitution Committee, European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Interim report: 3rd report of session 2017–19(HL 19), The Stationery Office, 2017.
  3. As of 8 April, analysis from the Hansard Society showed that the average length of a Brexit SI was 20 pages, compared to an average of 11 pages for SIs laid in the 2016–17 session. Westminster Lens, Brexit Statutory Instruments Dashboard, Hansard Society, 8 April 2019, https://web.archive.org/web/20190521171113/https://www.hansardsociety.org.uk/blog/westminster-lens-brexit-statutory-instruments-dashboard
  4. Office of the Leader of the House of Commons and Department for Exiting the European Union, Letter from Andrea Leadsom and Charles Walker to the chairs of the House of Commons Procedure Committee, House of Commons European Statutory Instruments Committee, House of Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee and House of Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee (Sub-Committee B), 19 November 2018, www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/procedure/2017-19/Letter-from-Leader-of-House-and-Chris-Heaton-Harris-MP-to-Procedure-European-Statutory-Instruments-and-Lords-Secondary-Legislation-Scrutiny-Committees-re-instruments-flow-under-EU-Withdrawal-Act-2018.pdf
  5. The House of Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee has expressed concern about the length of some SIs, including the draft Product Safety and Metrology etc. (Amendment etc.) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, which runs to 619 pages. House of Lords, Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee (Sub-Committee B), Seventeenth Report of Session 2017/19, 21 February 2019, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201719/ldselect/ldseclegb/293/29304.htm
  6. Institute for Government analysis of the Westminster Lens: Parliament and Delegated Legislation in the 2015–16 session, Hansard Society, 2017, https://assets.ctfassets.net/rdwvqctnt75b/21cT0OJLzGIycKwosYqwyu/c321fc7534e1f357eae8c9a3ec939a6f/publication__westminster-lens-2017.pdf
  7. Ibid.
  8. Westminster Lens, Brexit Statutory Instruments Dashboard, Hansard Society, 8 April 2019, https://web.archive.org/web/20190521171113/www.hansardsociety.org.uk/blog/westminster-lens-brexit-statutory-instruments-dashboard
  9. For example, House of Commons, Procedure Committee, Scrutiny of delegated legislation under the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: interim report, First report of session 2017–19, 6 November 2017, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmproced/1395/139506.htm#_idTextAnchor024
  10. Office of the Leader of the House of Commons and Department for Exiting the European Union, Letter from Andrea Leadsom and Charles Walker to the chairs of the House of Commons Procedure Committee, House of Commons European Statutory Instruments Committee, House of Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee and House of Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee (Sub-Committee B), Op Cit.
  11. For example, The Rail Safety (Amendment etc.) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2019/837/pdfs/uksiem_20190837_en.pdf#page=14
  12. Leadsom A, keynote speech, at the Institute for Government, 17 July 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/andrea-leadsom
  13. Marshall J, ‘No deal Brexit could be a legal mess’, blog, Institute for Government, 21 June 2019, retrieved 15 August 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/no-deal-brexit-could-be-legal-mess
  14. Dr Liam Fox, Secretary of State for International Trade, House of Commons, Hansard, 25 February 2019, https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2019-02-25/debates/55963A98-F7D2-4279-8A9F-B01623EFF419/TradeRemedyMeasuresUKInterests
  15. Lilly A, White H and Haigh J, Parliamentary Monitor 2018, Institute for Government, 2018, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/parliamentary-monitor-2018, page 50.
  16. House of Commons, Delegated Legislation Committee, Draft Greater Manchester Combined Authority (Functions and Amendment) Order 2019, 5 March 2019, https://hansard.parliament.uk/commons/2019-03-05/debates/55a1035a-4115-4b94-9ef5-db20ccee7512/DraftGreaterManchesterCombinedAuthority(FunctionsAndAmendment)Order2019
  17. For example, the Lords Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee, European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Third report of session 2017/19, 28 September 2017, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201719/ldselect/lddelreg/22/2202.htm

 

Chapter 5: Select committees

  1. White H, Select Committees under Scrutiny, Institute for Government, 9 June 2015, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/select-committees-under-scrutiny
  2. House of Commons, Housing, Communities and Local Government Committee, Independent review of building regulations and fire safety: next steps, Ninth report of Session 2017–19, 18 July 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmcomloc/555/555.pdf
  3. House of Commons, Committee of Public Accounts, Windrush generation and the Home Office, 82nd report of Session 2017–19, 6 March 2019, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmpubacc/1518/1518.pdf
  4. House of Lords, Economic Affairs Committee, Social care funding: time to end a national scandal, 7th report of session 2017–19, 4 July 2019, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201719/ldselect/ldeconaf/392/392.pdf
  5. House of Commons, International Trade Committee, Formal minutes and members’ attendance – International Trade Committee, retrieved on 14 August 2018, www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/international-trade-committee/formal-minutes
  6. House of Commons, Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee, Formal minutes and members’ attendance – Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee, retrieved on 14 August 2018, www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/environment-food-and-rural-affairs-committee/formal-minutes
  7. House of Commons, Home Affairs Committee, Formal minutes and members’ attendance – Home Affairs Committee, retrieved on 14 August 2018, www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/home-affairs-committee/formal-minutes
  8. House of Lords, European Union Committee, Beyond Brexit: How to win friends and influence people, 35th report of session 2017–19, 25 March 2019, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201719/ldselect/ldeucom/322/322.pdf
  9. The Joint Committee on Statutory Instruments has not divided on a report in the current parliamentary session. www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/joint-select/statutory-instruments
  10. For example, Conservative members blocked a division on 6 December 2019 on whether the Secretary of State had complied with the terms of a Humble Address issued by the House of Commons on 1 November 2017. House of Commons, Exiting the EU Committee, Formal Minutes, 6 November 2017, www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/Exiting-the-European-Union/17-19/Formal-minutes-2017-19.pdf
  11. Hervey G, ‘UK Brexit committee lays out tests for future relationship,’ Politico, 4 April 2018, retrieved on 13 August 2019, www.politico.eu/article/uk-brexit-committee-lays-out-tests-for-future-relationship

 

Chapter 6: Backbench procedures

  1. House of Commons Standing Orders, Standing Order 21(2), https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmstords/1020/so_1020_180501.pdf
  2. Graham J, ‘“I shouldn’t’ really be saying this”: John Bercow, backbenchers and why nobody dreams of being speaker’, Prospect, 2 March 2019, retrieved on 13 August 2019, www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/magazine/james-graham-john-bercow-brexit-backbenchers-speaker-profile
  3. Ashton E, ‘This is how backbenchers are taking back control in Parliament’, Buzzfeed, 1 January 2019, retrieved on 13 August 2019, www.buzzfeed.com/emilyashton/this-is-how-backbenchers-are-taking-back-control-in

 

Chapter 7: Public engagement

  1. Bosotti A, ‘Bercow could seize control of Brexit agenda and ‘do virtually anything’ using obscure rule’, The Express, 8 August 2019, www.express.co.uk/news/uk/1162637/Brexit-news-Bercow-MP-UK-EU-withdrawal-no-deal-revoke-Article-50-Boris-Johnson-latest
  2. D’Arcy M, ‘Bercow’s unprecedented ruling could change the course of Brexit’, BBC News, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-parliaments-46810616
  3. Leader of the House of Commons, Andrea Leadsom, House of Commons, Hansard, 11 April 2019, http://bit.ly/2y8TtL3
  4. Waterson J, ‘Brexit boost for BBC Parliament as channel briefly outrates MTV’, The Guardian, 23 January 2019, www.theguardian.com/media/2019/jan/23/brexit-boost-for-bbc-parliament-as-channel-briefly-outrates-mtv
  5. Institute for Government, ‘Indicative votes’, explainer, 14 May 2019, retrieved 21 August 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/explainers/indicative-votes
  6. MPs reject all 8 different Brexit options, Guardian News, YouTube, 27 March 2019, retrieved 18 August 2019, www.youtube.com/watch?v=hxe3uLlneYg
  7. MPs hold indicative votes|Brexit live replay, The Sun, 27 March 2019, retrieved 18 August 2019, www.youtube.com/watch?v=xttxPEP-4b

 

Conclusion

  1. Maddox B, ‘Parliament still has power to shape Brexit – if MPs can agree how to use it’, blog, Institute for Government, 28 August 2019, retrieved 31 August 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/parliament-still-has-power-shape-brexit-if-mps-can-agree-how-use-it
  2. Thimont Jack M and White H, Parliament after Brexit, Institute for Government, 31 May 2019, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/sites/default/files/publications/parliament-after-brexit-final.pdf
  3. Lord Norton, ‘Direct or representative democracy’, The Norton View, 5 August 2019, retrieved 2 September 2019, https://nortonview.wordpress.com/2019/08/29/direct-or-representative-democracy
  4. Mood of the Nation 2019, BritainThinks, 18 June 2019, retrieved on 18 August 2019, https://britainthinks.com/news/mood-of-the-nation-2019-a-study-by-britainthinks
  5. Devlin K, ‘Boris Johnson lays ground for “people versus politicians” general election’, The Times, 5 August 2019, retrieved on 13 August 2019, www.thetimes.co.uk/article/boris-johnson-lays-ground-for-people-v-politicians-general-election-tf9v7nkg5