References

Chapter 1: Cost

  1. House of Commons, The House of Commons: Administration Annual Report and Accounts 2017/2018, House of Commons, 23 July 2018, www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-expenditure/Admin%20Annual%20Accounts/Administration_Annual_Report_and_Accounts_2017-18.pdf, p. 84.
  2. Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority, Annual Report and Accounts 2017/18 (HC 1438), Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority, July 2018, www.theipsa.org.uk/media/184883/annual-report-and-accounts.pdf, p. 64.
  3. The Electoral Commission, Annual Report and Accounts 2017/18 (HC 1303), The Electoral Commission, July 2018, https://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/245000/Annual-report-and-accounts-2017-18.pdf, p. 103.
  4. Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority, ‘MPs Pay and Pensions,’ Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority (no date), retrieved 6 August 2018, www.theipsa.org.uk/mp-costs/mps-pay-and-pensions
  5. Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority, Annual Report and Accounts 2017/18 (HC 1438), Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority, July 2018, www.theipsa.org.uk/media/184883/annual-report-and-accounts.pdf p. 60.
  6. Kelly R, Members’ Pay and Expenses and Ministerial Salaries 2017/18, House of Commons Library, 29 March 2018, p. 54.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority, The MPs’ Scheme of Business Costs and Expenses 2017/18 (HC 1024), Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority, March 2017, www.theipsa.org.uk/media/1608/9-mps-scheme-of-business-costs-and-expenses-2017-18.pdf
  9. Ibid, p. 51.
  10. Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority, Annual Report and Accounts 2017/18 (HC 1438), Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority, July 2018, www.theipsa.org.uk/media/184883/annual-report-and-accounts.pdf, p. 60.
  11. BBC News, ‘Call to bring forward vote on cutting Commons to 600 MPs,’ BBC News, 19 February 2018, retrieved 29 June 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-43111790
  12. Ibid.
  13. House of Lords, Statistics on Business and Membership Session 2016/17, House of Lords, www.parliament.uk/documents/publications-records/House-of-Lords-Publications/Records-activities-and-membership/Business-membership-statistics/HL-Sessional-Statistics-on-Business-and-Membership-2016-17.pdf, p. 1.
  14. Lord Speaker, Report of the Lords Speaker’s Committee on the size of the House,’ House of Lords, October 2017, www.parliament.uk/documents/lords-committees/size-of-house/size-of-house-report.pdf, p. 1.
  15. UK Parliament, ‘Lord Speaker welcomes Prime Minister’s letter,’ press release, 20 February 2018, www.parliament.uk/business/news/2018/february/lord-speaker-responds-to-pms-statement-on-size-of-the-house-of-lords
  16. Hughes L and Blitz J, ‘May appoints new peers despite calls to trim the House of Lords,’ Financial Times, 18 May 2018, www.ft.com/content/edfa0226-5ab4-11e8-bdb7-f6677d2e1ce8
  17. Kelly R, Members’ Pay and Expenses and Ministerial Salaries 2017/18, House of Commons Library, 29 March 2018, p. 61.
  18. House of Lords, Guide to Financial Support for Members, House of Lords, September 2016, www.parliament.uk/documents/lords-finance-office/2016-17/Guide-2016-17.pdf, p. 9.
  19. Joint Committee on Restoration and Renewal, Restoration and Renewal of the Palace of Westminster: First report of session 2–16/17 (HC 659), The Stationery Office, September 2016, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ jt201617/jtselect/jtpow/41/4103.htm#_idTextAnchor003
  20. Meakin A, ‘The Prime Minister and the Palace of Westminster,’ blog, Political Studies Association, 20 July 2018, https://restorationandrenewal.parliament.uk/ioa-report.html
  21. House of Commons, The House of Commons: Administration Annual Report and Accounts 2017/2018, House of Commons, 23 July 2018, www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-expenditure/Admin%20Annual%20Accounts/Administration_Annual_Report_and_Accounts_2017-18.pdf, p. 83; House of Lords, Annual Report and Resource Accounts 2017/18 (HL 175), July 2018, www.parliament.uk/documents/lords-information-office/2017/2017-18%20Annual%20report%20and%20accounts%20-%20final%20(cover).pdf, p. 18.

 

Chapter 2: Time

  1. Politowski B, House of Commons: Hours sat and late sittings, House of Commons Library, 1 July 2015, p. 5.
  2. Haddon C, ‘Election 2017: Putting the Fixed Term Parliaments Act into Practice,’ blog, Institute for Government, 21 April 2017, retrieved 7 August 2018, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/election-2017-fixed-term-parliaments-act-in-practice
  3. BBC News, ‘MPs will note vote on early start to summer recess,’ BBC News, 17 July 2018, retrieved 6 August 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-44853464
  4. 'Government to confirm two-year Parliament to deliver Brexit and beyond,’ press release, GOV.UK, 17 June 2017, retrieved 30 June 2018, www.gov.uk/government/news/government-to-confirm-two-year-parliament-to-deliver-brexit-and-beyond
  5. Bercow J, ‘John Bercow: It’s time to rethink the conference break,’ The House Magazine, 26 October 2015, retrieved 5 August 2018, www.politicshome.com/news/uk/social-affairs/politics/house/60531/john-bercow-its-time-rethink-conference-break
  6. Committee on Standards in Public Life, MPs’ Outside Interests, Committee on Standards in Public Life, July 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/mps-outside-interests, pp. 24–7.
  7. House of Commons Committee on Standards, The Standards System in the House of Commons: Sixth report of session 2014/15 (HC383), The Stationery Office, February 2015, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmselect/cmstandards/383/383.pdf
  8. Committee on Standards in Public Life, MPs’ Outside Interests, Committee on Standards in Public Life, July 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/mps-outside-interests, p. 20.
  9. UK Parliament, ‘Attendance for previous sessions,’ no date, retrieved 30 June 2018, www.parliament.uk/about/faqs/house-of-lords-faqs/lords-sittings
  10. Politowski B, House of Commons: Hours sat and late sittings, House of Commons Library, 1 July 2015, p. 7.
  11. Ibid.
  12. Ibid.
  13. Modernisation of the House of Commons Committee, Sittings of the House in Westminster Hall: Second report of session 1998/99, March 1999, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199899/cmselect/cmmodern/194/19402.htm
  14. Atkins M, House of Commons Sittings in Westminster Hall, House of Commons Library, 15 July 2016, p. 4.
  15. Ibid.
  16. Rogers R and Walters R, How Parliament Works, 7th edition, Routledge, 2015, pp. 384–5.
  17. UK Parliament, ‘Divisions,’ no date, retrieved 6 August 2018, www.parliament.uk/about/how/business/divisions
  18. Merrick M, ‘PMQs: SMP Westminster leader Ian Black expelled from Commons prompting mass walkout from party colleagues,’ The Independent, 13 June 2018, retrieved 3 July 2018, www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/pmqs-ian-blackford-expelled-snp-party-walkout-john-bercow-brexit-latest-a8396756.html
  19. Childs S, The Good Parliament, July 2016, www.bristol.ac.uk/media-library/sites/news/2016/july/20%20Jul%20Prof%20Sarah%20Childs%20The%20Good%20Parliament%20report.pdf
  20. Crear P and Walker P, ‘Commons leader says sorry to Jo Swinson for pairing pact ‘error’, The Guardian, 18 July 2018, retrieved 7 August 2018, www.theguardian.com/politics/2018/jul/18/maternity-leave-error-scrutiny-commons-proxy-voting-jo-swinson
  21. Kelly R, Proxy Voting in Divisions in the House, House of Commons Library, 2 July 2018, p. 4.
  22. House of Commons Procedure Committee, Proxy Voting and Parental Absence: Fifth report of session 2017/19, May 2018, pp. 8–9.
  23. House of Commons, Hansard, ‘Business of the House,’ 19 July 2018, col. 597.
  24. House of Commons Reform Committee, Rebuilding the House: First report of session 2008/09, November 2009, p. 38, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200809/cmselect/cmrefhoc/1117/1117.pdf
  25. House of Commons, Standing Orders: Public Business 2018, House of Commons, May 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmstords/1020/so_1020_180501.pdf, p. 17.
  26. House of Commons, Hansard, ‘Scheduling of parliamentary business,’ 17 July 2017, col. 589.
  27. Home Office, ‘Amesbury nerve agent incident,’ GOV.UK, 5 July 2018, www.gov.uk/government/speeches/ amesbury-nerve-agent-incident
  28. HM Government, The Coalition: Our programme for government, GOV.UK, May 2010, https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/78978/coalition-agreement-may-2010_0.pdf
  29. Data provided by the Journal Office

 

Chapter 3: Primary legislation

  1. UK Government, Queen’s Speech 2010: Bills and topics mentioned, GOV.UK, 25 May 2010, www.gov.uk/government/speeches/queens-speech-2010-bills-and-topics-mentioned
  2. UK Government, Draft Agreement on the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, GOV.UK, 19 March 2018, www.gov.uk/government/publications/draft-withdrawal-agreement-19-march-2018
  3. Russell M and Gover D, Legislation at Westminster: Parliamentary actors and influence in the making of British Law, Oxford University Press, 2017.
  4. Dixon RM and Jones JA, ‘Mapping Mutations in Legislation: A Bioinformatics Approach,’ Parliamentary Affairs, 2018, In press.
  5. Williams M, How Language Works in Politics: The impact of vague legislation on policy, Bristol University Press, 2018.

 

Chapter 4: Secondary legislation

  1. Hansard Society, Westminster Lens: Parliament and delegated legislation in the 2015/16 session, Hansard Society, 2017, www.hansardsociety.org.uk/publications/westminster-lens-parliament-and-delegated-legislation-in-the-2015-16, p. 7.
  2. Ibid, p. 11.
  3. House of Commons Library, Acts and Statutory Instruments: The volume of UK legislation 1950 to 2016, April 2017, https://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-7438
  4. Ibid, p. 9.
  5. House of Commons Procedure Committee, Scrutiny of Delegated Legislation under the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018: Sixth report of session 2017/19, House of Commons, July 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmproced/1395/139502.htm
  6. National Audit Office, Implementing the UK’s Exit from the European Union: The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, (HC 608), National Audit Office, November 2017, www.nao.org.uk/report/implementing-the-uks-exit-from-the-european-union-the-department-for-business-energy-industrial-strategy, p. 4; National Audit Office, Implementing the UK’s Exit from the European Union: The Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs, National Audit Office, December 2017, www.nao.org.uk/report/implementing-the-uks-exit-from-the-european-union-the-department-for-environment-food-rural-affairs, p. 4.
  7. Baker S, Tweet, 3 July 2018, https://twitter.com/stevebakerhw/status/1014157223465975810
  8. House of Lords Constitution Committee, Delegated Legislation and Parliament: A response to the Strathclyde Review: Ninth report of session 2015/16, March 2016, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldselect/ldconst/116/11605.htm#_idTextAnchor009
  9. Hansard Society, Westminster Lens: Parliament and delegated legislation in the 2015/16 session, Hansard Society, 2017, www.hansardsociety.org.uk/publications/westminster-lens-parliament-and-delegated-legislation-in-the-2015-16
  10. Hansard Society, Taking Back Control for Brexit and Beyond: Delegated legislation, parliamentary scrutiny and the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill, Hansard Society, September 2017, www.hansardsociety.org.uk/publications/taking-back-control-for-brexit-and-beyond-delegated-legislation, p. 30.
  11. Hansard Society, Westminster Lens: Parliament and delegated legislation in the 2015/16 session, Hansard Society, 2017, www.hansardsociety.org.uk/publications/westminster-lens-parliament-and-delegated-legislation-in-the-2015-16
  12. House of Commons, Hansard, ‘Higher Education (England) Regulations’, 13 September 2017, col. 905.
  13. Hansard Society, Westminster Lens: Parliament and delegated legislation in the 2015/16 session, Hansard Society, 2017, www.hansardsociety.org.uk/publications/westminster-lens-parliament-and-delegated-legislation-in-the-2015-16, p. 19–21.
  14. House of Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee, Criminal Justice (European Investigation Order Regulations 2017): Fourth report of session 2017/19, 7 September 2017.
  15. Kelly R, Statutory Instruments, House of Commons Library, 15 December 2016, https://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/SN06509, p. 9.
  16. Ibid, p. 15.
  17. Hansard Society, Taking Back Control for Brexit and Beyond: Delegated legislation, parliamentary scrutiny and the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill, Hansard Society, September 2017, www.hansardsociety.org.uk/publications/taking-back-control-for-brexit-and-beyond-delegated-legislation, p. 34.
  18. Hansard Society, Westminster Lens: Parliament and delegated legislation in the 2015/16 session, Hansard Society, 2017, www.hansardsociety.org.uk/publications/westminster-lens-parliament-and-delegated-legislation-in-the-2015-16
  19. Ibid, p. 32.
  20. Ibid.
  21. Ibid, p. 34.
  22. House of Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee, Response to the Strathclyde Review: Effective parliamentary scrutiny of secondary legislation: Thirty-second report of session 2015/16, 14 April 2016, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldselect/ldsecleg/128/12802.htm
  23. House of Commons Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee, Joint Response to the Government Response to the Strathclyde Review: Nineteenth report of session 2016/17, 21 December 2016, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201617/ldselect/ldsecleg/90/9002.htm
  24. House of Lords Secondary Legislation Scrutiny Committee, Draft Dorset (Structural Changes) Regulations 2018; Draft Somerset West and Taunton (Local Government Changes) Order 2018; Interim report on the work of the Committee in Session 2017–19; Correspondence: Education (Student Support) Regulation | PDF version 26th Report – Draft Dorset (Structural Changes) Regulations 2018; Draft Somerset West and Taunton (Local Government Changes) Order 2018; Interim report on the work of the Committee in Session 2017–19; Correspondence: Education (Student Support) Regulation: Twenty-sixth report of session 2017/19, 26 April 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201719/ldselect/ldsecleg/125/12505.htm
  25. Hansard Society, Westminster Lens: Parliament and delegated legislation in the 2015/16 session, Hansard Society, 2017, www.hansardsociety.org.uk/publications/westminster-lens-parliament-and-delegated-legislation-in-the-2015-16
  26. Lords Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee, European Union (Withdrawal) Bill: Third report of session 2017/19, 28 September 2017, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201719/ldselect/ lddelreg/22/2202.htm, p. 5.
  27. Lords Constitution Committee, Sessional Report 2015/16: First report of session 2016/17, 13 June 2016, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201617/ldselect/ldconst/9/902.htm, p. 4.
  28. Tierney S, ‘The Legislative Supremacy of Government,’ blog, UK Constitutional Law, 3 July 2018, https://ukconstitutionallaw.org/2018/07/03/stephen-tierney-the-legislative-supremacy-of-government
  29. Lords Constitution Committee, Sessional Report 2015/16: First report of session 2016/17, 13 June 2016, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201617/ldselect/ldconst/9/902.htm
  30. Lords Constitution Committee, Public Bodies Bill [HL], Sixth report of session 2010/12, 3 November 2010, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201011/ldselect/ldconst/51/5102.htm
  31. House of Commons Procedure Committee, Scrutiny of Delegated Legislation under the European Withdrawal Bill: interim report: first report of session 2017/19, 6 November 2017.
  32. House of Commons Procedure Committee, Scrutiny of Delegated Legislation under the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018: Sixth report of session 2017/19, House of Commons, July 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmproced/1395/139502.htm
  33. Blackwell J, ‘EU (Withdrawal) Act SIs: will sifting make a difference,’ blog, Hansard Society, no date, retrieved 6 August 2018, www.hansardsociety.org.uk/blog/eu-withdrawal-act-sis-will-sifting-make-a-difference

 

Chapter 5: Select committees

  1. Rogers R and Walters R, How Parliaments Works, 7th edition, Routledge, 2015.
  2. House of Commons, Sessional Returns 2016–17 (HC 1), 13 July 2017, retrieved 1 July 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/csession/1/1.pdf
  3. Griffin N, ‘UK Parliament will issue Mark Zuckerberg with formal summons if he continues to refuse to speak to MPs’, The Independent, 1 May 2018, retrieved 5 August 2018, www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/facebook-mark-zuckerberg-formal-summons-select-committee-damian-collins-a8331001.html
  4. Liaison committee, ‘Select committee review in the House of Lords launched’, press release, 18 January 2018, retrieved 5 August 2018, www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/lords-select/liaison-committee/news-parliament-2017/lords-committee-review
  5. White H, Select Committees Under Scrutiny, Institute for Government, 2015.
  6. Mullin C, View From the Foothills, Profile Books, 2010.
  7. House of Commons Procedure Committee, ‘Establishing select committees in a new Parliament inquiry launched’, press release, 24 May 2018, retrieved 5 August 2018, www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/procedure-committee/news-parliament-2017/establishing-select-committess-launch-17-19
  8. House of Lords, Companion to the Standing Orders and Guide to the Proceedings of the House of Lords, House of Lords, April 2017, www.parliament.uk/documents/publications-records/House-of-Lords-Publications/Rules-guides-for-business/Companion-to-standing-orders/Companion-to-Standing-Orders-2017.pdf, retrieved 23 August 2018.
  9. House of Commons Liaison Committee, Select Committee effectiveness, resources, and powers: Second report of session 2012/13 (HC697), 8 November 2012, p. 14.
  10. Ibid.
  11. Ibid, p. 12.
  12. White H, Scrutinising Brexit: Parliament faces its biggest challenge, Institute for Government, October 2016, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/scrutinising-brexit
  13. House of Commons Liaison Committee, Witness Gender Diversity: Second report of session 2017–19 (HC 1033), The Stationery Office, 2018.
  14. Ibid.
  15. House of Commons Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee, Oral evidence: Fake News (HC 363), 27 March 2018, retrieved 7 August 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/digital-culture-media-and-sport-committee/fake-news/oral/81022.pdf
  16. House of Commons Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee, Oral evidence: Fake News (HC 363), 27 February 2018, retrieved 7 August 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/digital-culture-media-and-sport-committee/fake-news/oral/79388.pdf
  17. House of Commons Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee, Oral evidence: Fake News (HC 363), 12 June 2018, retrieved 7 August 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/digital-culture-media-and-sport-committee/fake-news/oral/85344.pdf
  18. House of Commons Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee, Oral evidence: Fake News (HC 363), 21 March 2018, retrieved 7 August 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/digital-culture-media-and-sport-committee/fake-news/oral/80809.pdf
  19. House of Commons Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee, Oral evidence: Fake News (HC 363), 26 April 2018, retrieved 7 August 2018, http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/digital-culture-media-and-sport-committee/fake-news/oral/82114.pdf
  20. Walker P, ‘Davis rebuked over Brexit impact papers but not held in contempt’, The Guardian, 14 December 2017, retrieved 5 August 2018, www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/dec/14/david-davis-rebuked-brexit-impact-papers-contempt-parliament-speaker
  21. James A, Partridge A and Cowling P, ‘MPs admonish News of the World employees’, BBC News, 27 October 2017, retrieved 5 August 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/live/uk-politics-parliaments-37781884
  22. ‘Data row: Facebook’s Zuckerberg will not appear before MPs’, BBC News, 28 March 2018, retrieved 5 August 2018, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-43554135
  23. Waterson J, ‘Vote Leave strategist refuses to appear before MPs in fake news inquiry’, The Guardian, 17 May 2018, retrieved 5 August 2018, www.theguardian.com/politics/2018/may/17/vote-leave-strategist-dominic-cummings-refuses-to-appear-before-mps
  24. House of Commons Privileges Committee, ‘The powers of select committees and contempt examined’, press release, 7 March 2017, retrieved 1 August 2018, www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/privileges/news/select-committee-powers-inquiry-launch-16-17
  25. Bill of Rights 1689: An Act declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject, and settling the Succession of the Crown, 16 December 1689.
  26. White H, Select Committees Under Scrutiny, Institute for Government, 2015.
  27. Russel M and Benton M, Selective Influence, The Constitution Unit UCL, 2011, retrieved 7 August 2018, www.ucl.ac.uk/constitution-unit/publications/tabs/unit-publications/153.pdf
  28. House of Commons, Hansard, ‘Customs and Borders’, 26 April 2018, vol 639, https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2018-04-26/debates/090B0080-E56F-40F3-867A-41D46C14C7AF/CustomsAndBorders
  29. House of Commons Procedure Committee, Debates on Estimates Days: piloting new arrangements: Third report of session 2017-19 (HC 739), House of Commons, 2018.

 

Chapter 6: Backbench activity

  1. House of Commons, Sessional Return 2016/17, House of Commons, July 2017, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/csession/1/1.pdf
  2. Data provided by the Table Office.
  3. UK Parliament, ‘Frequently Asked Questions: Business,’ no date, retrieved 7 August 2018, www.parliament.uk/about/faqs/house-of-commons-faqs/business-faq-page
  4. House of Commons Procedure Committee, Written Parliamentary Questions: Monitoring Report for Session 2016/17, Monitoring in the 2017 Parliament, and Electronic Tabling: Second report of session 2017/19, 15 December 2017, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmproced/661/66104.htm
  5. Orchard R, ‘Whose House is it Anyway?’, blog, Hansard Society, 12 October 2017, retrieved 6 August 2018, www.hansardsociety.org.uk/blog/whose-house-is-it-anyway-speaker-of-the-house-of-commons-speech
  6. House of Commons, Standing Orders of the House of Commons – Public Business 2018, House of Commons, retrieved 6 August 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmstords/1020/body.html#_idTextAnchor143
  7. House of Commons, Hansard, ‘Sewel Convention,’ 18 June 2018, col. 79,
  8. House of Commons, Hansard, ‘Election of the Speaker,’ 13 June 2017, col. 2.
  9. House of Commons, Hansard, ‘Prison Reform and Safety,’ 7 December 2017, col. 1249.
  10. House of Commons, Hansard, ‘Customs and Borders,’ 26 April 2018, col. 1054.
  11. House of Commons, Hansard, ‘Pension Equality for Women, 14 December 2017, co. 636.
  12. UK Parliament, Register of All-Party Parliamentary Groups, 6 June 2018, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm/ cmallparty/180606/contents.htm
  13. UK Parliament, ‘What are Early Day Motions?’ no date, retrieved 5 August 2018, www.parliament.uk/about/how/ business/edms/
  14. House of Commons, Early Day Motion 31, 21 June 2017, www.parliament.uk/edm/2017-19/31
  15. House of Commons, Early Day Motion 178, 12 July 2017, www.parliament.uk/edm/2017-19/178
  16. UK Parliament, ‘Private Members’ Bills,’ no date, retrieved 5 August 2018, www.parliament.uk/about/how/laws/ bills/private-members
  17. Hazell R and Rein F, ‘Private Members’ Bills’, in C. Leston-Bandeira and L. Thompson, eds, Exploring Parliament, Oxford University Press, 2018, p. 122.
  18. Ibid, p. 126.
  19. Ibid, p. 127.
  20. Walker P, ‘Tory MP who blocked upskirting bill says he was scapegoated,’ The Guardian, 17 June 2018, retrieved 6 August 2018, www.theguardian.com/politics/2018/jun/17/theresa-may-declines-to-condemn-mp-for-blocking-upskirting-bill
  21. House of Commons Procedure Committee, Private Members Bills: Third report of session 2015/16, 18 April 2016, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmselect/cmproced/684/68406.htm#_idTextAnchor012
  22. House of Commons Procedure Committee, Private Members’ Bills: Observations on the Government’s Response: Second report of session 2016/17, 18 October 2016, https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201617/cmselect/cmproced/701/70102.htm
  23. UK Parliament, ‘How Petitions Work,’ no date, retrieved 30 July 2018, https://petition.parliament.uk/help
  24. House of Commons Petitions Committee, Letter from the Chair to the Minister for Cabinet Office and the reply, 8 February 2018, www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/petitions/Letter-Cabinet-Office-Grenfell-Tower.pdf
  25. Shephard M, ‘We must allow the Grenfell Inquiry to take its time,’ blog, Institute for Government, 21 May 2018, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/blog/we-must-allow-grenfell-inquiry-take-its-time
  26. Data supplied by the House of Commons Petitions Committee

Appendix 1: Using parliamentary data

  1. Norton L, ‘The Value of Parliamentarians,’ blog, https://nortonview.wordpress.com/2018/08/10/the-value-of-parliamentarians, 10 August 2018, retrieved 20 August 2018
  2. Freeguard G, Campbell C, Cheung A, Lilly A, and Baker C., Whitehall Monitor 2018: The General Election, Brexit and beyond, Institute for Government, 25 January 2018, www.instituteforgovernment.org.uk/publications/ whitehall-monitor-2018
  3. Blackwell J and Fox R, Westminster Lens: Parliament and Delegated Legislation in the 2015-16 session, Hansard Society, 2017, www.hansardsociety.org.uk/publications/westminster-lens-parliament-and-delegated-legislation-in-the-2015-16