Brexit briefs

  • Article 50 bill

    Brexit brief

    Read moreThe Supreme Court today ruled that an Act of Parliament is required to trigger Article 50 to leave the European Union. The Government tried to argue that it could decide to trigger Article 50 without having to go through Parliament, under the Royal Prerogative.
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • What the Prime Minister's speech means

    Brexit brief

    Read moreThe UK will start post-Brexit life with the same regulatory landscape it had as a member of the EU (though in practice there will be some changes where EU bodies are named in legislation). “Full scrutiny” doesn’t tell us a huge amount.
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • Trade defence

    Brexit brief

    Read moreAs it looks to negotiate new trade deals after Brexit, the Government must also consider the UK’s future trade defence policy.
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • Non-tariff barriers

    Brexit brief

    Read moreNon-tariff barriers can be more restrictive for trade than actual tariffs. During the second half of the 20th century, multilateral trade rounds dramatically reduced tariffs. In 1949, the US charged an average tariff of 33.9%. Today it is 3.5%. The EU’s is 5.3%, while China’s is 9.5%.
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • Article 127 and the Single Market

    Brexit brief

    Read moreIn 1993, the EU extended membership of the Single Market to three non-EU states: Norway, Lichtenstein and Iceland. It drafted an agreement – known as the European Economic Area (EEA) – that extended the Single Market to these countries
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • UK-EU defence and security cooperation

    Brexit brief

    Read moreThe UK is arguably the EU’s strongest defence power. It is one of only two member states possessing ‘full-spectrum’ military capabilities (including a nuclear deterrent) and one of only five spending 2% of GDP on defence.
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • Key questions on UK immigration

    Brexit brief

    Read moreIt is important to first point out that the UK already has full control over immigration from outside the European Economic Area (EU member states, plus Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein).
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • The Great Repeal Bill

    Brexit brief

    Read moreAt the Conservative Party Conference, Theresa May announced that her government would introduce a Great Repeal Bill to end the supremacy of EU law in the UK, a crucial part of leaving the European Union.
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • Article 218

    Brexit brief

    Read moreArticle 218 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union sets out the EU’s rules for conducting negotiations with third parties. It applies to negotiations between the EU and one or more non-member states or international organisations.
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • The 1972 European Communities Act

    Brexit brief

    Read moreThe 1972 European Communities Act was the piece of legislation that brought the UK into the Europe Union: it gives EU law supremacy over UK national law. A large amount of EU law effective in the UK currently relies on the 1972 Act.
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • Negotiating the UK’s exit from the EU

    Brexit brief

    Read moreThere are two key sets of negotiations the UK must complete as part of its exit from the European Union: the withdrawal agreement (the ‘terms of the divorce’), and the future UK–EU relationship. Robyn Munro looks at the what, who, how and when of the negotiations.
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • Article 50

    Brexit brief

    Read morePeople have many questions about the process in which the UK will leave the EU, and when that process will begin. Here Dr Hannah White answers the what, who, when and how of Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty.
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more
  • A second election

    Brexit brief

    Read moreOne of the many suggestions raised in the aftermath of the referendum result has been that there should be a new election. Dr Catherine Haddon explains the ways in which an early general election could be called.
    Updated: 01 Sep 2017 Read more