01 March 2011

Just over a year ago, the Institute published 'Shaping Up': a vision for the future of Whitehall. The Irish have drawn on it for their new programme of government - which offers an experiment in radical reform born out its crisis.

The Institute for Government was modestly successful in persuading the incoming UK government to pick up our Shaping Up recommendations – but it turns out that the place where we really had an impact was Ireland.

Fine Gael got in touch telling us that they’d looked closely at the report, and now their new programme for government (PDF, 547KB) seems to be giving big parts of the Shaping Up package a try:

1) The department of the Taoiseach goes replaced with a smaller Cabinet Office

This will be focused on ensuring that the government’s strategic aims are reflected in every department’s plans. Pretty much in line with Shaping Up's recommendation for a whole of government strategy to form the basis for steering government.

2) Policy areas not core to this mission will go back to departments

Again in line with the Shaping Up Recommendation. The Irish are also planning a new Office of Public Spending and Modernisation, which sounds like the Office for Management and Budget proposal sketched out in Shaping Up.

3) Ministers are now going to sign public service agreements (PSAs) with their departments and agencies

These will be scrutinised by select committees, which all get powers equivalent to Ireland’s version of the Public Accounts Committee.

This injects some real accountability into the system – the UK’s PSAs never really had teeth and many of the targets were missed with no consequences - but as our analysis in State of the Service showed, the regime was even weaker in Ireland.

The Irish case for reform

Exciting stuff, especially when you put it in the context of a broader public service reform programme that aims to devolve more power to the frontline - and recognises that a lack of joining up has become a real problem for the republic’s government.

To quote the Fine Gael programme:

"A key condition of fiscal consolidation, economic renewal and public service re-organisations in other countries has been the creation of a skilled, joined-up strategic centre at the heart of the government, with a sense of collective responsibility, a shared analysis of the way forward and a coherent approach to achieving its objectives."

The Irish rationale for a more strategic centre sounds eerily familiar:

"there is at present a vacuum at the heart of Irish government structures. There is little evidence of central co-ordination and integration of Departmental strategies and alignment between Departmental strategies and the Programme for Government. In other words, there is no central co-ordination of what different Ministers and their Departments are doing to ensure the most economical achievement of results."

Back in the UK

This is in marked contrast to the view taken by the UK Coalition. In its early days, the Conservatives, in particular, tended to have an almost ideological aversion to strong central departments – they smacked of the command and control culture that ministers wanted to do away with.

Others argued a strong centre was incompatible with the drive to localism. However, many in local government would welcome a stronger cross-government vision of localism and the Big Society.

Recent developments in No.10 suggest some rebalancing - with the creation of the new No.10 Policy and Implementation Unit alongside the increasingly powerful Efficiency and Reform group – but still stopping short of the Irish vision.

We don’t want to replicate Ireland’s crisis but, as it tries to develop its own vision of civil service reform, the cabinet could do worse than keep an eye on Enda Kelly’s experiment.

Simon Parker is a former Fellow of the Institute for Government and Director of the New Local Government Network


Maybe a bit premature to call it a programme for government, it's the Fine Gael proposals for government and public sector reform. The actual Programme for Government will be drawn up as a result of the on-going negotiataions between the probable coalition partners - Fine Gael and Labour. It may or may not contain some of the points suggested. That said Fine Gael must have read your document as its referenced in theirs, indeed it's how I came across this website
A pedantic reader.

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